Malaria


Malaria 2


ABSTRACT


In this paper I will discuss the topics of malaria disease. I will discuss the symptoms of malaria, the preventions of malaria, and the treatment of malaria. In my conclusion I will sum up all the information and who ever reads my paper will have a good understanding of this disease and the knowledge that if they ever come across this in their life time they will be able to handle it will especially if they are going to be a nurse. Most people in America donít know much about this disease but itís good to know because our country has lots of people coming from all over the world and as nurses we have to give care to these people and we should have understanding about other disease that may not be so common in America but is around the world. One day it might be common in this country as well by people bring it to this country so we should know about this serious and fatal disease. And then when you are infected by the virus you have to get treated within the next 2 months but doesnít mean that you will be showing signs of the virus


Malaria 3


There are 2.1 million people living in malaria areas of the world and that 270 million people develop new malaria infections every year (Hoffman, 1991). Malaria is one of the planets deadliest disease and one of the leading causes of sickness in poor developing countries. Malaria is a serious, sometimes fetal disease caused by a parasite. There are four types of malaria that infect people: Plasmodium Falciparum, P. Vivax, P. Ovale, and P. Malaria. Because of this disease I will tell about all the symptoms, preventions, and the treatment to better inform you.


Malaria affects mostly children and pregnant women. Malaria affects children mostly under five years of age. Every minute malaria kills three children a day (Rabinovich, 2002). Pregnant women with malaria are most likely to develop anemia and with severe anemia there is a high risk to maternal death. Infants born with mothers with malaria are more likely to have low birth weight, which is the single greatest risk factor for death during the first months of life. As nurses we are to tell anyone who is going to a different country especially one that is infected with malaria that they have to take all the precautions to prevent malaria. If they are taking children, planning to have children, or they are already pregnant you as nurses have to provide all the information to them to prevent the risk of them or their children from any harm.


The first thing I wanted to talk about was the symptoms of malaria. When you are infected with malaria disease you may not even know you were infected. Most people get symptoms beginning ten days to four weeks after infected. They can feel ill early as eight days or up to a year later. This type of malaria P. Vivax, P. Ovale can rest in the


Malaria 4


liver for several months up to four years after infection and later invade red blood cells causing sickness. Symptoms of malaria include fever, flu like illness, shaking chills, headaches, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, and bloody diarrhea. Malaria can also cause jaundice because of the loss of red blood cells. If you have Plasmodium Falciparum you can have kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death. As nurses if a patient comes in with these symptoms you can just say its flu because malaria can seem like you have flu but you donít. You have to ask them if they have been to any different country lately especially one with malaria. There have been a lot of deaths that could have been prevented if only the nurses and doctors had determined it wasnít a flu but malaria and treated it properly.


I second thing wanted to talk about are the preventions of malaria. Malaria occurs mostly at night when the insects come out to feed. You have to wear long sleeve shirts and long pants and make sure you arenít wearing dark color clothing. You also have to make sure you have insect repellent on when skin is exposed. When sleeping at night make