Life Of Napoelan Bonaparte

Few individuals have
come along that have captivated the imaginations of their
contemporaries and of historians. Perhaps the most prolific
of these characters is Napoleon Bonaparte. The part of his
life often found most intriguing was his humble beginnings.
Here, like some Hollywood movie is the tale of an
exceptional man whose intelligence and rise from the
bottom is eventually defeated by his flaws, which cause him
to fall from power. He was born in Corsica just off the
coast of Italy. France had annexed Corsica in 1768,
officially making him a French citizen. His parents, although
from an aristocratic family and considered nobility, were
anything but wealthy. His father's small income was not
enough to fulfill his dreams of sending Napoleon to France
to attend military school. He wrote a letter to the king,
Louis XVI, for a scholarship for Napoleon. The king had
set up a fund to pay for Napoleon's attendance of military
school. Upon arrival in France young Napoleon had to first
overcome the obstacle of learning to speak French, since it
was the only language spoken in the military schools. To do
this he would first have to attend a school in Autun before
going to military school. When he finally arrived in Brienne
to attend his military school, he soon discovered that his
defeat of his adversities was marred by the criticism he
received because of his Corsican upbringing and accent.
But nothing could break Napoleon's strong will and
determination. Instead of giving up, he persevered and gave
up socializing to put forth whatever effort he could into his
studies. His lust for conquest and omens of his great future
often surfaced at school. In the winter he eagerly applied
his military science knowledge into skillfully executed
snowball fights with his squadron always being the victors.
He also spent hours studying the conquests of rulers such
as Julius Caesar and Alexander the Great. This rigorous
study, however, did not make him a brilliant student except
in math where he had a natural talent. At age 15, Napoleon
graduated from Brienne and was accepted into the
prestigious military college in Paris, receiving an
all-expenses paid scholarship. While at military college, he
learned of his father's death from stomach cancer. His
father's final startling words were a revelation that would
prophesize Napoleon's future: "Where is Napoleon, my son
Napoleon, whose sword will make Kings tremble and who
will change the face of the world?" Napoleon finished
military academy 2 years ahead of schedule to help out his
poor mother and graduated as a lieutenant. The consulate
Napoleon's career as a French solider progressed. He
made his way through the ranks of general, military
commander, major general and finally at the bright age of
26 he was made commander-in-chief and was given full
command over all soldiers garrisoned in France. Napoleon
reorganized the entire Army and prepared them for
invasion at any moment. Although committed, Napoleon
was anything but heartless. He gave high posts in the army
to his friends and family, and promoted soldiers he had
fought with before to higher ranks. Napoleon even found
the time to marry a young woman named Josephine de
Beauharnais. Napoleon's lust for conquest ensured that he
didn't settle down. His ambitions were always growing
greater. In 1799 France's governing body, The Directory
grew weak and unsteady. The Austrians recaptured Italy
and were among several nations threatening to invade
France. If this wasn't enough competition, Napoleon
learned that the Royalists were planning on restoring the
monarchy. But Napoleon used this conflict to his advantage
and decided it was precise time to take over The
Directory, which he still served. He used his influences in
the government to gain political backing. His two
advantages over his opponents were that he was a national
hero for his many victories in battle and he had full
command of the army, in case it was necessary. Some
often criticize his motives, saying he was driven more by
ambition than for the love of his country. Napoleon
appeared before the Council of the Ancients - the upper
house of representatives - to make a passionate speech
asking to be put in charge of the entire country. He won
their support but faced resistance while trying to convince
the lower House of Representatives. With the use of the
military, Napoleon forced them into naming him First
Consul of France without having to harm a soul. To those
who viewed Napoleon as a tyrant, his actions as First
Consul seemed baffling. Napoleon immediately reduced
taxes, stabilized the economy, opened schools and
universities around the country and even established
programs to give jobs to the unemployed. Among his
greatest accomplishments as First Consul, was the
development of the Code