Land and Terrain of Greece


Greece is located at the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula in the southeast corner of Europe. The country naturally divided into 7 regions: Thrace, Macedonia, Espirus, Thessaly, Central Greece, Peloponnesus and the Islands. Thrace and Macedonia are regions on the northern border. They are very mountainous. Four rivers have cut passes through the mountain ranges: the rivers of Vardar, Strymon, Nestos, and Maritza. Wide plains surround the mouths of these rivers. These two regions of mountains and rivers extend into the neighboring northern countries of Albania and Bulgaria. Salonika is the port city in Macedonia and Alexandroupolis is the port city in Thrace.
Espirus is west the region of the Pindus Mountains. This region is very rugged and rather unconnected to the rest of Greece because of the mountains. The mountains in from the north continue through this region. The only bodies of water (to really speak of) besides the four aforementioned rivers are some basins around Ioannina. Others include the seas around the coasts of Greece.
Thessaly is the east central portion of Greece. Mount Olympus separates it from Macedonia and the Pindu Mountain range separates Thessaly from Espirus. Thessaly consists of fertile plains and this is where most of Greece’s farming takes place. Larissa is a major city located in this region.
Central Greece is north of the Gulf of Corinth. The capital city of Athens is located here in central Greece. Also in this region there are plains; Thebes, Lebadea, and Lamia. These plains are separated by mountains. Central Greece’s port city, Piraeus is where much of the country’s industry is centered. Peloponneusus, actually a large island separated by the mainland by the manmade Corinth Canal. The canal was completed in 1893. The largest city in Peloponnessus is Patras. The islands of Greece include the Ionian Islands, off the West Coast, Crete (a large island south of Peloponnesus) and other groups in the Agean Sea (Cyclades, Northern Sporades, and Dodecanese). The Ionian Islands are the most densely populated and Crete is the largest of all of the Greek Islands. The mountains of Crete abruptly descend into the sea.
Greece has a many different landscapes throughout its various regions. These regions help diversify the country and make good use of the small land area.