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Key Definitions & Terms
The Enterprise Corporate entities dispersed geographically
Departments A single organization within a corporate entity
Technology Diffusion - Processes or methods that enable technology to permeate a particular segment of society (Gross and Ryan, 1942).
Technology Acceptance - Defined or measured by the end-users\' willingness to embrace and utilize a new technology in preference to an old technology (Davis, 1989)
Technology Adoption - A process that takes place at the organizational, corporate, or governmental levels
Technology Adaptation - A process in which the original technology is modified to address the needs of a local community.
Technology Transfer - A process or method that enable technology to be deployed from one location (the home location) to another location (the host location) (Rogers, et al, 1995).
E- Commerce Readiness - The evaluation of a country or community to determine its level of readiness for global electronic commerce. (Oxley and Yeung, 2000; APEC, 2001; McConnell, 2001).
Hard Technologies - Factories, machines, tools, and other hardware items associated with a particular technology.
Soft Technologies - Processes, procedures, and skills that may be associated with a particular technology.
Telecommunication Infrastructure A combination of various telecommunication media and computer equipment that are interconnected to facilitate electronic transmission of data and information.
Antecedents - A variety of dynamics that can be traced to historical underpinnings in a society.
Advances in Phone Technology Advances in Phone Technology
1915: 1st transcontinental and transatlantic phone connections
1919: Rotary dial phones, enabling automatic connections
1948: Microwave trunk lines first put in service in Canada
1962: Telecommunications via satellite began with Telstar. Fax services and digital transmission (T-carriers) also introduced
1969: Picturefone services introduced but fail commercially
1976: Packet-switched data communications begins
1984: Cellular telephone communications begins
1990s: Video Conferencing, Integrated Services, etc.
2000s: Video Phone, Megapixel Camera Phone
Internet Milestones Internet Milestones
Originally called ARPANET, the Internet began in 1969 as a militaryacademic network in the US (originally 4 nodes).
1983, Milnet (for military) split off. Internet is used for academic, education and research purposes only
1986 NSFNet created as US Internet backbone
Early 1990s, commercial access to the Internet begins. Government funding of the backbone ends in 1994.
2001 - the Internet had an estimated 40 million servers and 400 million users.
Growth in the use of the Internet continues at a rapid rate
A Brief History of Information Systems
1950s: Batch processing mainframes
1960s: Data communications over phone lines became common and mainframes became multi-user systems
1970s: Online real-time, transaction oriented systems replaced batch processing. DBMSs became common
1980s: The PC revolution
1990s: PC LANs, MAN, BN, WAN became common
2000: Networking and Connectivity Everywhere, Wireless, SatComm
Datacom Basics Datacom Basics
The movement of computer information from one point to another by means of electrical or optical transmission systems (called networks).
Broader term that includes the transmission of voice and video, as well as data, and may imply longer distances.
Although once considered separate phenomenon, telecom & datacom there is an ongoing process of converging into a single broadband communications technology.
ATTRIBUTES OF E-READINESS SIX COMMON COMPONENTS OF E-READINESS ASSESSMENT
Infrastructure And Connectivity
Information Security Or Rule Of Law
Current Access To Internet Services/ E-readiness Climate
Current Levels And Type Of Internet Use
Leadership And Government Promotion
Human Capital And Its Education
Perceived Ease of Use
Intent to Use
Actual System Use (Voluntariness)
Typical Management Orientation & Characteristics
Identifying & Tracking - managing and resolving project issues
Proactively disseminating project information to all
Identifying, managing and mitigating project risk
Ensuring that the solution is of acceptable quality
Proactively managing scope - to ensure that only what was agreed
to is delivered, unless changes are approved through scope management
Defining and collecting metrics - to give a sense for how the
project is progressing and whether the deliverables produced are acceptable
Managing the overall work-plan - to ensure work is
assigned and completed on time and within budget
Which Comes First The Chicken or the Egg Scenario
Technology Acceptance vs. Infrastructure Development
How Much Technology Acceptance
How Much Technology Adoption
How Much Technology Adaptation
How Much E-Readiness Investment
Suggestion: Levels of E-Readiness Proportionate with Absorption
Capacity & Levels of Technology Transfer or
Dissertation Research Framework
Unless otherwise indicated, all materials on Unless otherwise indicated, all materials on these pages are
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E-commerce, Computer network, Telecommunications engineering, Computer security, Internet, National Security Agency
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