Jazz is the audible history of racial integration in

America. As a musical style it is distinguished by it's

emphasis upon improvisation, blues influenced tonality, and

syncopated swing rhythm. Created originally by African

Americans in the New Orleans area, jazz is an integration and

synthesis of European and African ideas. Euro-American culture

contributed concepts of sectional and different musical form,

functional harmony, metric rhythm (4/4 meter), and brass

instruments. Africa provided the example of different

improvation over structure and brought different music which

relates to jazz music.

The earliest recording identified as jazz were made in

1917 in New York by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band under the

leadership of Nick La Rocca. The members were white musicians

from New Orleans, playing in a style that they learned from

blacks in that city. The first important recordings by black

musicians were made in 1923, by King Oliver's Creole jazz band,

a group that included some of the foremost New Orleans

musicians then performing in Chicago: Louis Armstrong, Johnny

and Baby dodds, and Honore Dutrey.

Originally jazz was more an attitude and approach to

performance than a body of musical compositions. The black

marching bands of New Orleans, which often accompanied funeral

processions, played traditional slow hymns on the way to the

cemetery; for the procession back to town, they broke into

jazzed up versions of the same hymns, ragtime tunes.

before jazz was there Africans used to sing there own made

up songs which were Field Shouts, Field Hollers, and Work Song

which relates to jazz because as time went by they were

breaking these songs and putting more tune effects to it and

creating them into jazz songs.