Jack Londonís The Call of the Wild, is the story of Buck, a St. Bernard\Scottish sheep dog mix, living in a civilized world and then is suddenly thrown into a world he is not used to. In the beginning of the story, Buck lives in California and belongs to a judge that has always treated him well. Then, one of the servants decides to sell him to some traders that deal in dognapping. At the time that the novel takes place, there is a demand for big, strong dogs to pull the sleds of gold prospectors in the Arctic North.
Buck is not used to the treatment he is given on the train and in the fields when pulling the sleds. For example, he cannot tolerate being tied up and being beaten. He eventually learns the concept of "master": a man with a club is a master and must at all costs be obeyed. In order to survive, he learns many new things along the way, such as
how to stay warm at night while sleeping and how to survive being hungry. He also learns that the "primordial bestial instinct" is strong within him, therefor when attacked, he must immediately fight back in order to save his life. He has one true advantage, and that is his size.
He goes through four different sets of masters, and his experiences with them varies. His last master, John Thornton is the one that he becomes more fond of. He even experiences the feeling of love and loyalty towards him. John Thornton dies a terrible and brutal death at the hands of the Yeehat Indians while in the woods.
After this incident, Buck finds himself free from all ties to civilization and joins a pack of wild wolves and truly surrenders to "The Call of the Wild". As legend says, he becomes the sire of a new breed which still exists in the wild places of the great north.
This story is told in third person narrative, meaning that the narrator is watching from above and also present. I feel that the author chose this type of narration for the obvious reason that the main character is an animal and therefore canít tell the story himself. In telling the story this way one can clearly understand the intentions and the emotions of the dogs and the humans.
The author of this novel drew from his own life experiences, which explains his knowledge of the North. His descriptions of this part of the country are in great detail and very vivid.
In The Call of the Wild London compares men with dogs, and wolves and also compares the harshness of the trail with the harshness of society. In doing this, he implies that force, savagery, and cunning are the ways to success in both areas.
This novel was a revelation to the author about the emotions that he felt about himself and the society he lived in.
Character can be described as something that distinguishes a person, group or thing from one another. Both character and personality play a big part in this story because these two factors determine the actions and happenings of the story. This is true for both the dogs and the humans in the novel.
Buck is the main character in the novel. He is a dog of great size and strength. He is used to describe Londonís idea of the "survival of the fittest" and also eventually turns into the primordial beast which the author believes lies within each animal or individual.
In the beginning of the novel, it is shown through Buckís actions because he is used to being a leader and not only a member. It is obvious that it bothers him deeply when he first starts on the sled team and that he is not the leader. He feels envy toward Spitz, who is the leader of the group. Because of his leading nature, he eventually fight and kills the leader and takes the position for himself.
In the novel, he is used to illustrate various qualities and feelings that are usually only associated with human beings. London makes great use of this in the novel. An example of this is when Buck feels jealousy and resentment toward Spitz in the beginning chapters and