Irish Republican Army and the Hizbollah
When a person uses a bomb to kill or assassinates a Prime Minister, President, or some Political leader, they are
committing an act of terrorism. The definition of terrorism is when the use of violence to create fear and alarm.
Terrorist groups support a particular political philosophy. Often terrorist organizations represent ethnic group
seeking liberation from governments in power. Generally, terrorists attack people who oppose their cause or objects
that symbolize such opposition. A quarrel in one nation may produce terrorist attacks in several other countries.
Some governments secretly support certain terrorist group by providing weapons, training, and money for attacks in
other countries. A group called the IRA or the Irish Republican Army and the Hizbollah, also known as the Party of
God, who are an organization in Israel are just a few of the terrorist groups who bomb, hijack, and assassinate.
Catholics in Northern Ireland had long claimed that Protestants viola!
ted their civil rights and discriminated against them in jobs, housing, and other areas. When the government tried to
stop a civil rights demonstration in Londonderry in 1968, bloody riots broke out. Serious riots occurred again in
1969 in Belfast and Londonderry. Troops were sent to Northern Ireland to restore order but failed to prevent further
rioting. Meanwhile, the pro-Catholic Irish Republican Army and other militant groups carried out bombings and
other terrorist attacks. The continuing conflict led the British government to suspend Northern Ireland's government
in 1972 and to rule the region directly from London. But the troubles continued. In 1973 and 1982, the United
Kingdom set up assemblies in Northern Ireland that were designed to restore control over local affairs to the region.
However, lack of cooperation between Protestants and Catholics led the British government to dissolve both
assemblies. During the late 1980's and early 1990's, terrorist bombings!
by the IRA and related groups intensified in Northern Ireland and in Britain. The attacks also spread to continental
Europe, where British military personnel and their families were the main targets. These actions led to violent
responses by Protestant terrorist groups. In late 1994, the IRA and the Protestant groups declared a cease-fire. But
bombings resume in 1996. In July 2 1997, six man, some of whom were described by prosecutors as senior
commanders of the IRA were found guilty of conspiracy to cause explosions and sentenced to 35 years in prison
each. "Those who seek to advance a political argument by terrorism can expect no mercy in the courts of this land,"
said Justice Scott Baker. This IRA terrorist hit hoped would be its biggest operation ever on the British mainland in
its continuing fight against British rule over Northern Ireland. The Hizbollah of Israel aren't that different from the
IRA's. On July 1995 the State Department issued a vague warning last!
week that "Middle East Terrorists" might attack U.S. targets in South America. U.S. intelligence officials feared that
they may witness strikes by Hizbollah, since the Islamic radical group has a penchant for anniversaries. July 1995
marks one year since a Hizbollah car bomb killed 96 people at a Jewish center in Buenos Aires. Hizbollah also has
yet to retaliate for what it claims was an Israeli-sponsored car bombing on December 21, 1995 that killed a top
operative's brother. State Terrorism
State terrorism is when a politically imbalanced citizen or an international citizen wants money or wants his
demands other than money to be compromised. Human rights can be threatened because it interferes with the way
ordinary citizens of the United States infer to money and a peaceful assembly. For example people would be
terrified if a terrorist would make a threat who lives in the Chicago area that a nuclear bomb will be detonated if his
demands are not met. This is where the President would make negotiations to the terrorist. If his demands are to give
him $3 million dollars, and the government gives it to him, he wins, but the government will try to stop him from
getting away. When they capture him they will give him life in prison. This is where human rights will be threatened
because they didn't have a chance to convict him. Maybe human rights activists wanted him to be electrocuted. The
term terrorism,