Investing In Canada
- Factors that are attractive for direct investment in Canada.
Canada is the second largest country in the world, occupying close to 10 million square kilometres of land bounded by the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans. Canada shares a 6,000 kilometre border and the five largest freshwater lakes in the world with the United States. Known as the Great Lakes, they provide a route to the Atlantic via the St.- Lawrence Seaway, permitting direct access to international markets.

More international companies are investing in Canada. The stock of foreign direct investment (FDI) in Canada has increased steadily over the past five years to reach over $130 billion last year. Investor confidence is high. International companies are discovering what firms in the United States have known for decades: it pays to invest in Canada. There is a government commitment to attract foreign direct investment. Canada\'s government provides a competitive, welcoming climate for international business. It is committed to fiscal responsibility, deficit reduction and job creation.

The following are some essential points all of which prove Canada is a favorable choice:
Domestic market; wage competitiveness; work force quality; International business skills; raw materials; energy costs; infrastructure; business services and legal environment.



Domestic Market
Canada\'s per capita purchasing power is second only to that of the United States, among the G-7 countries, and the OECD expects Canada to lead the industrialized countries in near-term economic growth. Inflation is below two per cent and forecast to remain low. Cost of money is lower than it has been for decades.

Exports are at record high, having increased by 14 per cent in 1993 over 1992.
Under free trade, Canadian-based companies have increased their market share of the Canada-U.S. market.
Further, the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (FTA), together with the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) which came into force on January 1, 1994, gives Canadian-based companies an unparalleled access to 365 million people, forming an economy larger than that of the European Community. The combined 1993 GDP value of the Canada-Mexico-U.S. market was in excess of $8.5 trillion.

Competitive Wages and Benefit Rates:
Many international corporations find the Canadian work force to be highly
cost-effective. On average, wages in Canada\'s business centers are lower than
those in nearly all major business centers around the world.
Hourly wages of Canadian production workers have risen only 5.4 percent since 1990. Canadian manufacturing wage rates showed the second slowest growth among G-7 countries in 1992, averaging 2.6 percent. In contrast, hourly increases in Britain and Germany have been 12.4 and 14.3 percent, respectively.

Educated and Skilled Work Force
The cost-effectiveness of the Canadian work force becomes especially apparent in the high level of skills and education of the workers. Canada leads the G-7 countries in advanced education, with about two-thirds of its 20 to 24-year-olds enrolled in post-secondary education.

Canada\'s 67 universities and colleges produce more than 25,000 graduates
annually in engineering, the applied sciences, the physical sciences and
mathematics, while its technical institutes provide 11,000 graduates annually in areas relating to electronics and telecommunications.

Canadian operations enjoy low turnover and absenteeism rates, and the days lost to work stoppages have been cut by more than one-half in the past two years. Major international firms have also won many productivity improvements in their Canadian operations through work place initiatives in labor-management relations.


International Business Skills
Canada is a land of immigrants. Employers will find pools of experienced workers who also offer fluency in foreign languages, knowledge of international cultures and business practices, and networks of business contacts in the key Asian, European and American markets.
Canada is an effective bridge between North America and Europe. Canadian
business practices and laws are a blend of American and European cultures.
Canada\'s metric system of measurement means that Canadian manufacturers can readily meet requirements for European standards and measures. In addition, new government initiatives, such as the Skill Investment Program, are further enhancing
Canada\'s ability to train and retrain workers for tomorrow\'s growth industries.

Abundant Raw Materials
Canada\'s rich mineral reserves and natural resources, coupled with its
cost-effective ability to extract and harvest, enable Canada to be a leader in
exports of both raw and processed commodities. Canada is the world\'s top
producer of newsprint and zinc, as well as the second largest producer of nickel, pulp and potash.
Canadian-based processors and manufacturers can