The artist that I chose to write about is Salvador Dali. Many think that Salvador Dali thoroughly changed the rules of Surrealism. Yet, he wasnít just a Surrealist. Dali went through stages [periods] of different art styles. Surrealism just helped him claim his fame. Later, in my research paper, I will describe his life and the many problems and pressures that Dali experienced.

Salvador Dali
Salvador Dali was born May 11, 1904 in Figueres, Spain. Just before he was born his older brother died. When the new baby was born, his parents decided to name him after their first child, Salvador. Dali did things his own way and was often confused because his mother and father compared Salvador to his late brother. As a result of these negative comparisons Dali acted different and had strange dreams. As one can see, he had a rough childhood and by no means did his parents see his talents. The dreams Salvador had may have inspired famous paintings that we are familiar with today.
Later on in Daliís life his talents aspired. He joined the Paris Surrealist Group in 1929. However, he was expelled from the congregation in 1934 as a result of his fascination with Hitler. That didnít stop his progression though. He was now producing paintings like Atmospheric Skull Sodomizing a Grand Piano (1934). Dali was also married to Gala Eluard, who had been his mistress for quite awhile. If Dali hadnít met Gala some believe he would have never reached such great heights. She served as a muse for the Surrealist party. During this period of his life Dali also developed the Paranoiac Critical Method. It helped him to see something and distort or imagine it to be something else. He accomplished many things during the young and early middle stages of his life.
As well as earlier works the 1940 painting Slave Market with Disappearing Bust of Voltaire showed that he was slowly moving away from the Surrealists. This is when he developed a style that integrated the surreal with the every day. But, Gala convinced him that his bigger successes were in becoming classic. However, he still incorporated more Surrealism than he did Classical stylings. (Not including works done in his earlier years on the beaches of Cadaqes, Spain.) In the 1950ís Dali developed his principles of Nuclear Mysticism. That was basically just a combination of all his artistic and philosophical influences such as science and religion.
During Daliís golden years the first Salvador Dali museum opened. Yes, thatís right. In 1974 Mr. and Mrs. A. Reynolds Morse of Cleveland, Ohio, who were avid collectors and friends of Daliís, established the shrine of fine artwork. Also in the 70ís Dali made a hologram for Alice Cooper. He is asked by John Lennon to produce a birthday present for Ringo Starr. It seemed like life was treating Dali well until his health began to fade. Dali had some problems such as skin cancer, a hernia, prostate trouble, and also Parkinsonís Disease by 1980. His wife then died in 1982. After that it [life] never got much better. In 1984 he suffered severe burns in an electrical fire at Pubol Castle; is hospitalized and undergoes a number of skin grafts in Barcelona, Spain. After years of pain and suffering Dali dies on January 23, 1989 of heart failure. He lies in state at the Teatro-Museo Dali for one week. Dali had a hard life, but he was successful and famous by the time he passed away.

In conclusion, I would like to state that Salvador Dali, although confused and different, was a very good artist. I myself liked his most early works such as Port of Cadaques (Night) (1918-1919) and also Still Life: Pulpo y Scorpa (1922). From Dali I have learned that one mustn't care what others think. One must pursue their dreams and go for whatever they desire. DO NOT LET CRITICISM PULL YOU DOWN!!!! Dali didnít care and look where he got to. This supports some of my beliefs and that is why I like Salvador Dali not only as an artist, but as a person.

1) Wach, Kenneth. Salvador Dali. New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc. 1996.
2) Descharnes, Robert. Dali. New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc. 1985.
3) Salvador Dali Art Gallery- Biography.