In the novel, A Light in August, William Faulkner introduces us to

a wide range of characters of various backgrounds and personalities.

Common to all of them is the fact that each is type cast into a certain

role in the novel and in society. Lena is the poor, white trash southern

girl who serves to weave the story together. Hightower is the fanatic

preacher who is the dark, shameful secret of Jefferson. Joanna Burden is

the middle-aged maiden from the north who is often accused of being a

³nigger-lover². And Joe Christmas is the epitome of an outsider. None of

them are conventional, everyday people. They are all in some way

disjointed from society; they do not fit in with the crowd. That is what

makes them intriguing and that is why Faulkner documents their story.

Percy Grimm is another such character and he plays a vital role in the

novel. He is the one to finally terminate Joe Christmas, who has been

suffering his entire life. Grimm is the enforcer, the one man who will

uphold American pride at all costs. He also stands for everything in the

world that has held Christmas back. He is the prototype of the ruthless

enemy who is the source of all of Christmas¹ struggles. And Christmas can

never escape him. He can run, as he has been doing all his life and as he

does in his desperate attempt to escape. But he can never hide, as he

tries to do at Hightower¹s and as he has been hiding his true self from

the world he hates so much. Percy Grimm represents the unmerciful society

that has restrained and persecuted Joe Christmas; it is only fitting that

he should be the one to finally bring him down in the end.

Percy Grimm was born into the American south and grew up to be a

symbol and backbone of the environment he was raised in. His only regret

in life is being born too late. He feels that his sole purpose in life

would be to fight in World War I and defend the country to which he is

completely and utterly devoted. But the war happened to occur in the time

period where ³he should have been a man instead of a child² (Faulkner,

p.450). So when he grows to be a man, he joins the National Guard, which

is the closest thing to an army he can find. But instead of protecting the

country from foreign enemies, his job with the National Guard entails

protecting the country from certain things within itself. Joe Christmas

and the situation he has created is a direct threat to Percy Grimm and the

establishment he represents. Although Grimm¹s primary objective is to

protect Christmas from hostile crowds, Grimm is imprinted with a sort of

primitive and instinctive hatred for who Joe Christmas is, what he is, and

what he has done. Grimm sees him as a dangerous, unknown and more

importantly ³nigger-blooded² criminal. He had the nerve to violate and

savagely murder a white woman who happened to be part of Grimm¹s

specifically drawn definition of ³American². He has adopted, adheres to,

and enforces the

³belief that the white race is superior to any and all other

races and that the American is superior to all other white races and that

the American uniform is superior to all men, and that all that would ever

be required of him in payment for this belief, this privilege, would be

his own life² (Faulkner, p.451).



Percy Grimm is a tough, humorless, and forceful individual who commands

the respect of others. He is always on some sort of mission involving the

preservation of order and he is determined to use all of his resources to

accomplish his goal. Grimm is referred to by Faulkner as ³the Player². His

main purpose in the novel is to play the part of the executioner.

Christmas does not stand much of a chance. Joe Christmas has always been

hampered by a society that shuns him, alienates him, disgraces him and

chases him away. Percy Grimm is the human representation of this society.

The climactic chase scene between Grimm and Christmas is symbolic of how

Christmas has been running from people and places all his life. He was on

the road all the time and was never able to settle down in one place for a

significant time period. Society never accepted his heritage and

personality and so he was always running away from it. But there comes a

point where he can run no longer. ³But there