In Federalist number nine five principles that are conducive to good government are discussed. The first is the regular distribution of power into distinct departments (Lawler 16). The federalists felt that the distribution of powers was important so that one department of government did not become more powerful than the other groups. They didn’t want a government that was ruled by one person or even one group of people. The first aspect in creating a democratic government was to insure that the people of the government had an influential say in governmental issues as a whole. Insuring that decisions did not depend on one person or group of people, but yet an entire nation opinion. Publius believed that the idea of distribution of powers would bring about a government that could better serve the people and would be less likely to act like anarchy. The federalists knew that the people would not approve a government that would closely resemble the government of England in which one person ruled and they also themselves did not want this type of government. By distributing the powers into distinct departments, each separate department would have to work together in order to bring about a change in the way the people are ruled and this change would be less likely to be an act of tyranny.
Secondly the federalist’s felt that the legislative checks and balances were an important aspect of government (Lawler 16). The checks and balances were created in order to keep one branch of legislation from acting tyrannically over the other. If checks and balances were not present it would be easy for a majority to be formed that wouldn’t necessarily be in the best interest of the people at large. Checks and balances produced a way in which an attempt to change the government would not be easily done. This was possible because of the many people the proposed change would have to be approved by before it would be implemented into government. The main purpose of the idea of checks and balances was to insure that the legislative branch would not pass any act that was not created for the common good of the people they governed. This secured the fact that if a majority would be formed in the legislation and that majority would vex or oppress the minority, the passing of their idea would be slowed until it could be enlarged or refined and possible stopped completely.
The federalist’s also felt that the institution of courts composed of judges was an important part of government. Publius felt that this was important in order to keep the legal system of government more effective. It was set up this way in order for the courts to be able to enforce the laws passed by government. The judges were also established to interpret the constitution. This aspect would be part of the checks and balances, by insuring that any law passed by legislation does not violate the constitution. The courts composed of judges plays an important role in the concept of checks and balances, and also in the enforcement of laws passed by legislation.
Publius also felt there was a need for the representation of people in the legislature by deputies of their own election (Lawler 16). This meant that others that would run for election in that area would represent the people in legislation. This was a thoughtful suggestion in the respect that the people would be represented by others who they felt held their common interest. It would be more likely that someone from the area that they are going to represent would better represent the people electing them. Furthermore, the people would be able to elect a person who they felt would best represent them and their views of government. The federalists thought this was important to insure that all of the governed people would be equally represented, and all people would have an indirect voice in governmental issues.
The last and most important principle as viewed by the federalists was the enlargement of the orbit (Lawler 17). They felt this was the most important principle in order to break and control the violence of faction (Lawler 18). It was an obvious problem that any democracy is going to be faced with