In Chaucers Canterbury Tales there are short descriptions written abou
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In Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales there are short descriptions written about each of the characters in the story.
The knight has had a very busy life as his fighting career has taken him to a great many places. He has seen military service in Egypt, Lithuania, Prussia, Russia, Spain, North Africa, and Asia Minor where he "was of [great] value in all eyes. Even though he has had a very successful and busy career, he is extremely humble: Chaucer maintains that he is "modest as a maid". Moreover, he has never said a rude thing to anyone in his entire life. Clearly, the knight possesses an outstanding character. Chaucer gives to the knight one of the more flattering descriptions in the General Prologue. The knight can do no wrong: he is an outstanding warrior who has fought for the true faith--according to Chaucer--on three continents. In the midst of all this contention, however, the knight remains modest and polite. The knight is the embodiment of the chivalric code: he is devout and courteous off the battlefield and is bold and fearless on it.
Chaucer describes the Squire as “a lover and lusty bachelor.” He is very popular with the ladies, and he is very handsome. Chaucer recognizes his youthfulness, and talks about how much strength he possesses. Most of the Squire’s concerns were superficial, like his clothes, and the ladies. He wasn’t known for his warrior skills like his father, but instead he liked to do things like dance and write. The Squire is not one of Chaucer’s favorite characters, but he doesn’t describe him as a totally bad person.
The prioress was another character that Chaucer did not approve. He felt like she was a bit of a fraud, and it was obvious that she didn’t really want to be a nun. Chaucer continually mentions that she was very concerned with her appearance. She seems to be very romantic and chivalrous. He says that she speaks French, but she learned it in London, which is kind of ironic. She doesn’t really fulfil the religious function of a nun. She also disobeys the church by wearing jewelry and other expensive clothing. It is said she wished to be a woman of the court, but she became a nun because she couldn’t.
The monk was yet another character Chaucer did not approve. He loved the outdoors, and preferred not to stay in the monastery. He never studied like he was supposed to. He was in charge of all lands and seems to be a cheery man. He broke St. Benedicts rule by eating red meat, but he thought that rule was outdated. He loved to eat, and was very fat.
Cicero believed that Rome was the closest manifestation of the common community of man. Clearly Cicero Identifies the perfect state with Rome, he suggested that Rome was the closest thing their was to such an aspiration. The perfect state was the expression and embodiment of the universal community of mankind, to link Rome with the ideal state; was to link Rome with the universal community. The early stoics held that a specific community was nothing more than its laws borders. Thus, arises the notion of a universal community, since we are all under the natural law imposed by the universe. The fundamental problem lays in that Rome could not realistically impose the natural law.
The assumptions of Cicero can be noticed when one inspects his view of the ideal governing body, which he expresses through Scipio (in the commonwealth). Although Cicero presents very convincing arguments for a Composite government, clearly his view is possibly only due towards his belief in the roman structure of government. Cicero was limited to roman borders of experience, and this point was best illustrated by his disagreement with Aristotle's writings on the decay of states.
Cicero changed the face of stoicism by romanizing it; redefining stoicism into the middle phase. Of Cicero it can be said he possessed a bias towards roman life and doctrine. For Cicero every answer lay within Rome itself, from the ideal governing body to the place of divination. Nature to the stoics (universe) was a precisely ordered cosmos. Stoics taught that there was an order behind all the evident confusion of the universe.
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The Canterbury Tales, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Knight, Canterbury
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