In A Passage to India Forster repeats certain lines and puts them in o
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In A Passage to India Forster repeats certain lines and puts them in other variations or situations to make a point. In the second chapter Aziz was talking with Mohammedan, they debated whether or not an Indian could be a friend with an Englishman. The conclusion of their debate ended with this statement, " friendship with the invader is impossible." Then Aziz is summoned to his chief, Dr. Callender, and on the steps of his bungalow two English women came out, Aziz lifts his hat in respect, they turn away and jump into the carriage he has hired. When the women begin to drive off Aziz says, "You are most welcome ladies" they do not reply. After this event he didn't really understand why he would have been treated like that. After this disturbing act he went to the place where he felt most comfortable and free from any contact with the British, the Mosque. As he meditated on the past and reflected the Islam, an English women enters the Mosque immediately Aziz rages at her, only to find that she has entered correctly. She took her shoes off before entering and she said, "God is here". Aziz never thought it was possible for English women to meet him there. In the still night while standing in the moonlight Aziz found a new friend, a friend he thought could never exist, her name was Mrs. Moore. As the night went on they talked about children, India, people that surrounded them, and religion. In the midst of their conversations Mrs. Moore said "I don't understand people I just know if I like them or not." Aziz replied "Then you are oriental." Aziz made a friend that was an intruder in the place he least expected it. Later on in the novel after Mrs. Moore died, Aziz was no longer in British-India; he was now a physician to the rajah of a Hindu state. One day an Englishman comes in with bee stings; it was Mrs. Moore's son, Ralph. With the hatred Aziz had towards the English he found happiness in taking care of this boy, he had power over him. During his visit Ralph surprised Aziz with a remark he said, "Your hands are unkind". The memory of Mrs. Moore floods his memory, Aziz gives Ralph a gentle goodbye and Ralph responds with equal gentleness. Aziz then asks, " Can you always tell whether a stranger is your friend." "Yes" Ralph replied. " Then you are an oriental" stated Aziz. These words were said to Mrs. Moore in the Mosque, where this cycle began. Instead of giving Ralph the planned good-bye he talked with him about his mother and then takes him out to the water were the ceremony will end. Just like he took Mrs. Moore to the Marabar Caves as a friend he takes Ralph to the water as a friend.
The bee stings previously mentioned are used as a symbol that Forster expands on. Early in the novel, Mrs. Moore met Aziz at the Mosque and then returned to her son's bungalow to get dressed. When she went to hang her cloak up a wasp was resting on the peg. " A quite unEnglish wasp, an Indian social wasp".
"Perhaps he mistook the peg for a branch-no Indian animal has any sense of an interior. Bats, rats, birds, and insects will soon nest on the inside as out…….. There he clung, asleep. 'Pretty dear' said Mrs. Moore to the wasp. He did not awake, but her voice reached out, to swell the nights uneasiness." (P.93 A passage to India) These lines read in context take a certain meaning. Mrs. Moor's evening was divided into two parts: one part being with the English at the English club, where no native was allowed, the second part of the evening took place at the Mosque, where no Englishman was allowed. When Mrs. Moore saw the wasp she responded not like English women, they would have found it irritating. Her response was not like the Natives, they would not of seen the detail; they were used to such occurrences. At the club the Surgeons wife stated that " the kindest thing one could do for a native was to let him
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A Passage to India, Modernist literature, Postcolonial literature, English-language films, Marabar Caves, Wasp
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