In 1899 the tank was introduced, it was made by Fredrick Simms. The tank

is just a catapilar tractor with heavy armor and large guns. The tank was

introduced in the war as a new military weapon, but it was brought into the war to

soon and without enough training to be a effective weapon.

A catilpiler tractor is a tractor with tracks instead of wheels. The good this

does is that the track are like one big wheel and wont get as stuck a easy and can

cross trenches and holes. Another difference is that a tank has full armor all around
it

which is bullet proof, the tank can be equipped with machine guns or large caliber

cannons.

The First armor car was called a “moter-war-car”, it had 2 maxim guns on

revolving turrets. But was rejected by british war officer Frederick Simms’.
Fifteen

years later Chirchill decided to test out the “motar-war-car”, it was tested on

bridging the cuts and ruts the Germans put in the road.

The first tank design was called “Little Willie.” Little Willie was designed by

Lieutenant W.G. Wilson and William Tritton. The tank was consisted of an

armored box encircled by caterpillar tracks, with guns mounted on spindles on

each side. Little Willie was the first vehicle to designed and completed as a tank,

but evan throw it was a tank it was not very effective because it was to short to
cross German trenches that were more than 4 feet wide.


In 1916 W.G. Wilson retired the “Little Willie” and a new tank was
developed

called “Mother”. The “Mother” was able to climb a parapet that was able to climb a

parapet that was more that was 4ft 6in high. Also “Mother” was able to beet the

barbed wire entanglements.

An improved version of the “Mother” was developed in 1916. The Mark I

with its armor plate varying from a 12mm canon to a 6mm. It had four Vicker

water-cooled machine gun. Also equipped with one Hotchkiss machine gun. The

British Army ordered 150 but of these tanks the first 49 were into action at the
battle

of FlersCourcellette on September 15, 1916.

All though the Mark I was new and improved it was still not successful in

battle, attempts were made to improve the basic design of the tank. In 1917 the

make II, III were produced. These failed to overcome the problems encountered by

the mark I and only fifty of each were made.

Inside a tank was a whole different and unpleasant experience. The tanks

were very badly ventilated, and because it was so hot and filled with fumes were so

bad that the operators suffered from sickness and vomiting. In some occasions

men lost consciousness. Burns from hot machinery was another problem and also a

considerable danger of the ammunition exploding. All these problems from the

engine not being properly separated from the crew area.

The first of the mark IV tanks were delivered to the British army in April

1917 Although it had the same engine and transmission as the earlier tanks, it still

had many changes gathered from battle experiences. The armored protection was

improved and a new gas supply was introduced. The crew area were also improved

by the introduction of better emergency escape hatches, better vison and a more

effective cooling and ventilation system.

1918 introduced the mark V, although it looked fairly similar to the mark IV

the new tank had a six cylinder engine. This increased the speed to 4.6 mph but

more improved the new engine was mack V were more reliable than the old tanks.

Later that year the mark VI, VII, VIII were introduced. The mark VIII was

produced by the British ans American engineers the new tank completely separated

the engine from the crew completely. This reduced the fire risk and helped stop

fumes and heat from the engine entering the area where the crew worked.

Evan though there were many different tanks produced and different styes
none

of them truly proved extremely effective in the war.