This essay Ideologies has a total of 1588 words and 7 pages.
Schools and Churches are institutions in society where priests and teachers act as spokespersons to spread a certain set of attitudes, beliefs and values. Similarly, Hollywood is also a very powerful modern day institution, where a star's image can reappropriate, shape and circulate societal myths and ideologies. The construction of a star's image as a commodity of their societal myths and ideologies, has the extraordinary power to exert messages so that even the smallest details become significant yet not overtly obvious. How a star's image is produced and then consumed can justify a society's relationship with that image and therefore aid in explaining the social construction of what society deems as their 'reality'. A star's image is created through a range of representations churned out by Hollywood. Capitalism from the commercialisation of these images has made Hollywood the domineering force it is today. A re-emerging image in Hollywood is that of the sex symbol, epitomised by Marilyn Monroe in the 1950's. Monroe is Hollywood's archetypical sex symbol, where the cultural phenomena she creates, instigates her immortal and legendary status. The first ever issue of Playboy magazine features Marilyn Monroe as the covergirl. By decoding meaning from this magazine cover, the visual and written text becomes a communicator for both obvious and subtle meaning conveyed through her image.
Marilyn Monroe's image is communicated through signs and their codes. The paradigm (her facial expression, gesture, body language, positioning, written text, background, dress, colours, lighting and camera angle) carries meaning and can be considered signifiers. In the second order semiological system, the signifiers become signs which then signify 'preferred meanings' with signification that draws from metasigns and ideologies.
The slogan 'Entertainment for Men' is a signifier for the down classing of females as nothing more then sexual objects in our society. As a sign, the written text can be categorised as an icon as it directly connotes Marilyn Monroe as being 'Entertainment for Men', a playmate valued only for her body. This sign heavily draws on the inferior position that women held in the 1950's. The slogan only reinforces the 1950's discourse of a male dominated world where women were considered the 'lesser' sex. This cultural myth relies on the belief that men are the breadwinners who have the supposed right to monopolise and dominate females. Media industries were controlled by males, therefore Marilyn Monroe's image served the interests of men by legitimising their power. This creates a marketable image aimed at a well defined audience that is male. Classing Marilyn Monroe as merely 'Entertainment for Men' contributes to behavioural ideologies in society for women to act as objects for male desires. The myths drawn from such slogans creates for females a sense of inferiority, where in Monroe's case, her body and sexual allure were her only resources. The ideologies circulating in society naturalised Monroe's image as being the cultural norm and something which women should aspire to be for the benefit of males.
Marilyn Monroe established her temptress image through multiples of publicity shots. An important element contributing to this image, which is clearly displayed in this magazine cover, is her facial expression. Marilyn Monroe established a universally familiar expression, her face raised, mouth open and bared teeth, which became vital to her image. These idiosyncrasies of her facial expression are signifiers which help to create her marketable and sexual image. The open mouth and bared teeth become overt signs of sexual allure, playfulness and seductiveness. This contributes to the ideologies that females have to appear as a sexual object to remain a marketable image in society. Marilyn looking upwards, together with the photograph taken from a camera below her(angled upwards), becomes a sign of a male's superiority over a female. Marilyn Monroe's way of tilting her head, implies she is looking upwards seductively at a male reader. This is significant as it becomes a super-real embodiment of a male's desire, where the reader is made to feel superior over her. Her expression plays on the text that she is 'Entertainment for Men' reinforcing the ideological discourse of females as being subversive in the 1950's.
Body language such as that displayed on the Playboy magazine cover is a key signifier to Marilyn Monroe's cult status. Her gesture as if waving to an audience
Topics Related to Ideologies
Marilyn Monroe, 20th Century Fox films, Converts to Judaism, English-language films, Marilyn, Signified and signifier, Marilyn Monroe in popular culture, Death of Marilyn Monroe
Essays Related to Ideologies
Carson McCullersCarson McCullers With poignant insight and compassion Carson McCullers (1917-1967) wrote of human loneliness, unfulfilled love, and the frailty of the human heart. Of all the characters in the work of Carson McCullers, the one who seemed to her family and friends to be most like the author herself was Frankie Addams: the vulnerable, exasperating, and endearing adolescent of The Member of the Wedding who was looking for the we of me. However, Carson once said that was, or became in the proces
Marilyn Monroe elle est ne le 1er juin 19Vingt six Los Angeles sappellMarilynMonroe elle est née le 1er juin 19(Vingt six) à Los Angeles, s’appelle en réalité Norma Jean Mortenson. Elle début de sa carrière quand un chasseur de talents du Twentieth Century Fox la rèpere, en 19(Qaurent six). Elle est engagée pour (Soizante-dix cinq) dollars par samaine, et c’est à ce moment qu’elle change de nom, pour devenir MarilynMonroe. En 19(Cinquant deux) et 1953 la star MarilynMonroe nait variment à partir de 1952 et 1953, avec “Monkey Business” et surtout “Niagara”. Ent
Ideologies Ideologies Schools and Churches are institutions in society where priests and teachers act as spokespersons to spread a certain set of attitudes, beliefs and values. Similarly, Hollywood is also a very powerful modern day institution, where a star's image can reappropriate, shape and circulate societal myths and ideologies. The construction of a star's image as a commodity of their societal myths and ideologies, has the extraordinary power to exert messages so that even the smallest details bec
Norma Jean Mortensen Baker was born to her mother Gladys Mortensen on Norma Jean Mortensen Baker was born to her mother Gladys Mortensen on June 1st, 1926 at 9:30 am in Los Angeles, California. Gladys was divorced from her husband, C. Stanley Gifford and separated from her husband Ed Mortensen. Ed Mortensen was who Gladys put on Norma Jean’s birth certificate as her father but it is still in question if he was her father of if it was her first husband Jack Baker who was her father. Gladys had two other kids from another marriage. She had them in her first marriag
Andy Warhol Life and WorksAndy Warhol – Life and Works I’d like to start off this essay by expressing some personal opinions about the subject I’ve chosen, and also provide some background information, essential to a better understanding of the artist I have chosen, the era and movement he belonged to, and the style of art he produced. This world renowned artist I believe is the first artist that comes to mind when people hear the word “Pop art”. This man is Andy Warhol, one of the most famous modern artists of the 20th
The Rise and Fall of Little VoiceThe Rise and Fall of Little Voice Choose one production and explain how, as a member of the audience, you were affected by specific production elements? In February 2004, I went to the Royal Exchange Theatre in Manchester to see a production of Jim Cartwright’s The Rise and Fall of Little Voice. As an audience member I found a lot of the production elements very affective. The stage was in the round and to me this created more intimacy, as the actors were closer to the audience and on the same l
Why is John F Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure todayWhy is John F Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure today? The assassination of John F Kennedy is one of the most controversial events in modern times, one could even compare his death with Diana Princess of Wales and her sudden death in a car crash which has had much speculation over recent years with new information coming out all the time in the media. The continued interest in J.F.K, leading to him still being one of the most famous and influential Presidents of America ever, is mos
Judge orders couple not to have children Judge orders couple not to have children Judge Marilyn O'Connor declared on March 31 that both parents should not have yet another child which must be cared for at public expense . Quite a dillemma in the courts this past week since the judge is basically denying the couples constituional rights to bear children. The judge's logic behind the ruling is basically saying that once a couple or family can not care for their children it should be be a burden on the government to care for those childr
Andy Warhol the American painter printmaker illustrator and film makerAndy Warhol, the American painter, printmaker, illustrator, and film maker was born in Pittsburgh on August 6, 1928, shortly afterwards settling in New York. The only son of immigrant, Czech parents, Andy finished high school and went on to the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, graduating in 1949 with hopes of becoming an art teacher in the public schools. While in Pittsburgh, he worked for a department store arranging window displays, and often was asked to simply look for ideas i
CURRENT EVENTS 1945-1996CURRENT EVENTS: 1945-1996 1945 On April 12 Harry S. Truman became President of the United States of America., In Washington, D.C. On August 6 at 9:15 a.m. US fighter planes dropped an Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Japan. In Berlin, Germany on April 30, Adolf Hitler was found dead, Hitler committed suicide. 1946 On October 16 in Nurenburg, 9 Nazi war criminals were hanged for the crimes during WW II. On April 25 Big Four Ministers met in Paris to finalize a treaty with Germany, to end WWII. In Austria
Footprints on the Subway GrateFootprints on the Subway Grate. If there was any one woman in Hollywood who could live forever, any one lady who would live in the American hearts as the goddess of showbiz it would be MarilynMonroe. She dazzled the public as the sex symbol of Hollywood. Her beauty, grace and charm immortalized her. But, surprisingly enough, MarilynMonroe lives on, not because she was a wonderful actress, but because of her risque actions, her child like sexy behavior and the puzzlement of her refusal of happi
Marilyn Monroe Suicide or MurderMarilynMonroe: Suicide or Murder MarilynMonroe, was it a suicide or a murder? The mystery continues. Marilyn was a sex goddess of the 1950’s and early 1960’s shortly before her death in 1962. Marilyn was a strong willed and very unique woman, who had a lifetime full of fame ahead of her. Why would she do something so weak as to commit suicide? Or did she? Dazzling, seductive, extraordinary, MarilynMonroe was the All-American Sex Goddess, a superstar legend with magnetic energy so strong she
Andy Warhol Andy Warhol Andrew Warhola, perhaps better known as Pop Art icon Andy Warhol, played a major role in revolutionizing the art world in the 60's and in today's Modern Art era. Warhol's most famous works are the Campbell Soup series, and his silk screenings of famous personalities such as MarilynMonroe and Mick Jagger. People in the art world seemed drawn to Andy since his arrival in 1962, but whether it was because of his unique portrayal of everyday items or because of Andy himself, is unknow
On the night of August 4 1962 Marilyn Monroe died of a fatal dose of On the night of August 4, 1962, MarilynMonroe died of a fatal dose of barbiturates. At first, the drugs were thought to be taken orally as in case of suicide, but the longer the case went on, the more they found out. Mariln Monroe did not commit suicide. There is not enough evidence for suicide. For instance, the evidence of empty pill bottles in Monroe’s bedroom only helps the prosecution. It was initially assumed that Marilyn swallowed them. It would have been impossible for Marilyn to swall
Dear Sir or Madam Dear Sir or Madam, Over the past four years, I have grown into an exceptional writer. When I began my high school career, I was a decent writer. Throughout my first year of high school I learned about mechanics and sentence structure. This made my technical skills improve greatly. My sophomore year the quality of my writing skills expanded and I learned more about how to use words in a more professional way and many new ways of writing, including personal narratives, short stories, and poems. W
The CrucibleThe Crucible INTRODUCTION The Crucible by Arthur Miller was written during the early 1950s at the time of Senator Joseph McCarthy's House Un-American Activities Committee hearings on the infiltration of Communism in the United States and the loyalty to democracy of many prominent U.S. citizens. The McCarthy hearings pitted artists and performers against each other as they were called to testify about their own loyalty and what they knew about the loyalty of others. Although some critics have sug
Another Salem Witch TrialsAnother Salem Witch Trials The Salem witchcraft trials of 1692, which resulted in 19 executions, and 150 accusations of witchcraft, are one of the historical events almost everyone has heard of. They began when three young girls, Betty Parris, Abigail Williams and Ann Putnam began to have hysterical fits, after being discovered engaging in forbidden fortune-telling (not dancing naked in the woods) to learn what sorts of men they would marry. Betty's father, the Reverend Samuel Parris, called in
Andy WarholAndy Warhol Pop art is a movement that occurred near the end of the 1950’s. It was a reaction to the seriousness of Abstract Expressionism. Pop art emphasized contemporary social values, the sprawl of urban life, the vulgar, the superficial, and the flashy. Advertising provided a number of starting points for the subjects. A particular favorite advertisement form that Warhol likes to use was product labels. You will see quite a few examples of this in some of his work. (Grolier 1996) Warhol did