Hungary is one of the forty countries in Europe Its capital is Budapes
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Hungary is one of the forty countries in Europe. Its capital is Budapest. Hungary is the smallest country in Central Europe. It is ninety - three thousand, thirty six square miles. It is divided into two halves, east and west, by the Danube river that runs threw it.
There is a big plain that is very flat east of the Danube river called the Great Hungarian plain. It is also known as the “waste land.” It is twenty thousand square miles. There are few bushes there but parts have rich soil for farming.
Hungary was made thousands of years ago when the country was under water. Then earthquakes, wind, and rain raised the land up until there was tiny islands all over. Next, gravel and sand filled in and made the country.1
Hungary is surrounded by the Alpine, Carpathians, Dinaric Alps, and the Alps mountains.
Hungary’s most important river is the Danube, which is the second largest river in Europe. They call it their life-line because it provides freshwater fish, water for livestock, fresh water, and rich soil for farming. It does cause two major floods a year though.2
Hungary is in a warm temperature belt. The western half is rainy, but all of it gets lots of sunshine between July and August. The average temperature in July is between sixty-four and seventy-three degrees
Fahrenheit. The coldest month is January. Its average temperature is between twenty-five and thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit.3
During World War I Hungary was ruled by King Charles the fourth. During this time the food supply was low. In 1919 Hungary was crushed and signed a peace treaty with many countries, which made them loose a lot of land. In 1940 another treaty was signed which gave Hungary back some of its land. Then in World War II it lost more of its land. Everything stayed bad until Janos Kadar took over and helped out the country. He has been the most powerful politician in Hungary.
Religions in Hungary consist of sixty-seven and a half percent Roman Catholic, twenty percent Calvinist, five percent Lutheran, and seven and a half percent is different from those.4
Hungary is a big agricultural country. It has many exports going all over the world. It is also big in machinery which is their principal export and import.
Hungarian schools are owned by the states. Most kids start kindergarten between he ages of three and six and are required to stay until sixteen. School breaks for summer in the middle of June and comes back in September. The most popular sport in school is soccer.
The constitution of Hungary was made in 1949 and amended in 1972. The constitution says The National Assembly decides how the country is governed, declares war and peace, approves economic plan, and chooses the Council of Ministers. The National Assembly has the most authority of the country. Women and men have equal rights. You can not be discriminated against because of sex, race, or religion.5
Hungary would be a fun place to visit. There is lots of sights to see and places to go.
Cental Europe Online
Glencoe World Geography, 1995, Glencoe/McGraw Hill, pages 213
Lets Visit Hungary, Jilian Popescu, 1985, all pages.
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