Adolf Hitler ruled Germany as dictator from 1933 to 1945. He turned Germany into a powerful war machine and provoked WWII in 1939.
Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau Austria, just outside the Germany border. Adolf did well in elementary school, but did poorly in high school. His father wanted him to be a civil servant, but Adolf wanted to be an artist. Alois Hitler, his father died in 1903, and Adolf left school in 1905 at the age of 16. He did not have to work. He spent his time day dreaming, drawing pictures and reading books.
Later, when WWI began, the Austrian Army found Hitler unfit for service. He then volunteered for service in the Germany army and was accepted. He served as a messenger on the Western front, taking part in some of the bloodiest battles. He was wounded and twice decorated for bravery, but rose only to the rank of corporal. Hitler was in a military hospital when Germany surrendered in 1918, recovering from temporary blindness from exposure to mustard gas. He was deeply shaken and he believed that the German unity was threatened, and he must attempt to save Germany. He then joined a small nationalistic group called the German Workers Party. He changed the name of the party to the National Socialist German Workers Party, but they became known as the Nazi Party. He became leader of the Nazis. In the early 20's he organized a private army called the storm troopers, or the SA. Hitler and the Nazis slowly began to gain power and in 1929, he formed an elite party guard called the Schutzstaffel, also known as the SS. By then, Hitler gathered some people to help rise him to power. Hermann Goering, second in command, Rudolf Hess, a private secretary, Heinrich Himmler, leader of the SS and Ernest Rohm, chief of the SA. On January 30, 1933, Hitler became chancellor of Germany. By that summer, he had made himself dictator. He also organized the Gestapo, or secret police.
In 1945, Eva Braun, his mistress since the 1930's, were married and the next day, they committed suicide together.