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Hitler and His Downfall
To many World War II has been the most devastating war in human history. It
had been global military conflict that caused the loss of millions of lives
as well as material destruction. The war began in Europe in September of
1939. It ended on May 8, 1945. This day was marked by the British
government as V-E (Victory in Europe) Day. The outcome of this war left a
new world order dominated by the United States and the Soviet Union.
Adolf Hitler was born in Braunuam Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889 and died
(committed suicide) on April 30, 1945. He was the son of a minor customs
official and a peasant girl. He had a love for reading although he never
completed high school and was rejected by the Academy of Fine Arts in
Vienna due to his lack of talent. Through reading he developed his
anti-democratic and anti-Jewish beliefs, the admiration for the outstanding
individual and contempt for the masses. By volunteering for service in the
Baverian Army during World War I, he proved himself as a dedicated and
courageous soldier. Since his sponsors felt that he lacked in leadership
quantities, he was never promoted beyond private first class. In September
1919, Hitler joined the Nationalist German Workers Party later changed its
name to the National Social German Workers (Nazi) Party. To become the
leader of Germany, he took advantage of the Great Depression of 1929 and
explained it as a Jewish Communist plot. Through promises of a strong
Germany, more jobs and national glory, he gained popularity and was
appointed chancellor in January 1933. Once in power, he established himself
as a dictator.
After World War I, Germany was dissatisfied with the outcome of the war.
There were large reparations to pay, their military power had been
restrained, they suffered and resented the territorial losses some of
which, were withheld as collateral, and Germany had been held accountable
for the entire war. Germany felt that they had been treated unjustly. Their
sense of German nationalism began to grow. Thus, Hitler withdrew Germany
from the League of Nations in October, 1933.
Hitler's first step to dominate this area failed in 1934. the first
Anschluss, which is the unification of Germany and Austria, was stopped by
Italy's Mussolini. At this time, Mussolini feared Hitler and Germany but
through the Spanish Civil War, they became allies and signed the
Anti-Cominterm Pact along with Japan. This pact was to resist the expansion
of communism. With Mussolini now on his side, Anschuluss was a success in
March of 1939. This move strengthened Germany's economy and put them in a
better position strategically, with Italy.
Czechoslovakia's Sudatan lands was Hitler's next step. To gain this
territory Hitler demanded self-determination for the Germans in this
region. Therefore the Munich Conference took place in September 1938 and
the results of this was the Sudatan Germans were seceded to Germany.
Present at this conference were representatives from Germany, Great
Britain, France, and Italy. Czechoslovakia was not represented. Poland then
laid claims on Teschen and Hungary on Carpatho-Ruthenia.
Hitler gained these areas by giving the west the impression that the only
reason he wanted them was to unify the Germans and Germany. The west, Great
Britain and France, allowed this because of a policy they had toward Hitler
and Germany called appeasement. The two main reasons they followed this
policy was the fear of Bolshevism and an attempt to prevent another war.
The next step for Hitler was the complete occupation of Czech. This was
accomplished on March 1939, just six months after the Munich conference.
Slovakia was left alone by Hitler's men but was an independent state. It's
Independence was just a front for Hitler to create a puppet state. Hitler's
victory in Czechoslovakia greatly enhanced their military position, but
above all helped arm his men with the aid of the Skoda Works which was now
under the control of Germany. The Skoda Works was the largest arms
manufacturer in Europe. Czechoslovakia had no alternative but to accept
This was the end of the appeasement from Great Britain and France. they
then made a guarantee to both Poland and Bulgaria that in the event of a
German attack, they would come to their aid.
Hitler's next effort was directed towards Poland with the excuse of
regaining Danzig and the corridor to unit Germany. On September 1, 1939,
German troops invaded and attacked an incapable Polish army. While Germany
invaded with tanks and planes, Poland countered with men on horseback.
Polish troops not only fought against the Germans but against the
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Military history by country, Military history, Military, Germany, Nazism, Adolf Hitler, Persecution of Jews, Munich Agreement, Appeasement, Benito Mussolini, Anschluss, World War II
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