History Questions: Nazism




#1. Main ideas of Nazi programme :

- abolition of treaty of Versailles
- creation of exclusively German nation state.
- stop of immigration, and deportation of recent immigrants
- abolition of unearned incomes
- censorship and gov`n contral of media
- creation of a better education system, more opportunities for higher education
- formation of national army
- upholding of the common interest over self, elimination of materialistic thinking, namely Jewish ideals
- unquestioned authority of the central party over the whole nation state

#2. Hitlers central ideas, as expressed in Mien Kampf :

- the Aryan race was destined to rule the world
- germany must expand to include those Germans not in Germany (Austrians)
- blamed all German failures (especially the war) on communism and jews
- the Fuhrer represents the will of the people, and his will is the law.



#1. Circumstances and techniques

- There was an economic crisis, and people were looking for new ideas, they were also looking for someone to blame.
- There was no form of organized government, and president Hindenburg made himself a dictator to prevent anarchy
- Hitlers allies persuaded the pres. to let Hitler rule
- Hitler presented a surefire road to economic prosperity and a scapegoat in the jews
- The Nazi`s also represented the peoples urge to abolish the hated treaty of Versailles

#2.

I would like to believe that it would be immpossible for Canadians to be ruled by a dictator, but if, in hard econommic times a visionary with a seemingly foolproof plan for success and prosperity could very likely become the voice of the people, and overtrow the government, ruling on the strength of his word alone.



#3.

- Totalitarianism is a form af government that is as old as the idea of governing. This form of government is just as it sounds, total control of the nation or state. Once this government is set in place no opposition by the citezens can legaly change it. Totalitarianism is like a juggernaut, there is control an choice at the beginning, but once it is set in motion, the masses have little choice as to the direction it takes. Generally this form of government is created by either far right or far leftist organizations.


#4. Other totalitarianist nations :

- Turkey (Ataturk)
- Russia (Stalin)
- Italy (Mussolini)
- Japan ( )
- Spain (Franco)
- Hungary ( Gombos)
- Poland (Pilsudski)
- Greece (Metaxas)
- Rumania ( )
- Bulgaria ( )
- Yugoslavia ( )


#1.