Hastings Battle Facts


Important Points and facts


When - October 14th 1066


Where - Hastings, East Sussex


Who - Norman (William) VS. Saxon (Harold G)


\ William lands near Pevensey


\ Harold G’s tired men arrived at Hastings to meet William on October 13th


\ The hill which Harold took position on was called the Senlac Hill


\ The battle began with volleys of stone missiles being hurled into William’s army by the Saxon ‘fyrd’ s


\ The Norman cavalry rode on special saddles that effectively locked them in place as they rode and all but allowed them to keep their arms free to fight with.


\ Harold's army was a combination of professional soldiers, Harold's bodyguards, and men who had been collected on the march south from Stamford Bridge to Sussex.


\ The majority of Harold G’s men were paid to fight, but some did it because they believed that it was right to fight against an attacker.


\ Harold G had the advantage as he was based on top of the Senlac Hill.


\ William was a superior commander of his troops. He was also very sharp, winning the battle by intellect instead of strength.


\ In a way, Harold was a fool as he fell for the same trick 3 times.


\ The soldiers most heavily protected, on both sides, were the infantry. Second came the cavalry, then, least protected of all were the archers.


\ The main weapons used by infantry were the spear, lethal at a distance, the sword, and the great two headed axe, used mainly by the Saxons.


\ The Norman cavalry were usually the most armed, as they normally rode with a spear, a sword, a mace, and sometimes a small dagger.


\ Both the Norman and Saxon helmets had nasal protection.


\ Both Norman and Saxon shields were kite-shaped, made from wood and leather, reinforced with metal.


\ The Saxons had very few archers, but a lot of infantry.


\ William was coronated on 25th December 1066



Claim passed on from King Cnut down.


Claims to the throne


Harald Hadraada


William, Duke of Normandy


Harold Godwineson