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Hastings Battle Facts
Important Points and facts
When - October 14th 1066
Where - Hastings, East Sussex
Who - Norman (William) VS. Saxon (Harold G)
\ William lands near Pevensey
\ Harold G’s tired men arrived at Hastings to meet William on October 13th
\ The hill which Harold took position on was called the Senlac Hill
\ The battle began with volleys of stone missiles being hurled into William’s army by the Saxon ‘fyrd’ s
\ The Norman cavalry rode on special saddles that effectively locked them in place as they rode and all but allowed them to keep their arms free to fight with.
\ Harold's army was a combination of professional soldiers, Harold's bodyguards, and men who had been collected on the march south from Stamford Bridge to Sussex.
\ The majority of Harold G’s men were paid to fight, but some did it because they believed that it was right to fight against an attacker.
\ Harold G had the advantage as he was based on top of the Senlac Hill.
\ William was a superior commander of his troops. He was also very sharp, winning the battle by intellect instead of strength.
\ In a way, Harold was a fool as he fell for the same trick 3 times.
\ The soldiers most heavily protected, on both sides, were the infantry. Second came the cavalry, then, least protected of all were the archers.
\ The main weapons used by infantry were the spear, lethal at a distance, the sword, and the great two headed axe, used mainly by the Saxons.
\ The Norman cavalry were usually the most armed, as they normally rode with a spear, a sword, a mace, and sometimes a small dagger.
\ Both the Norman and Saxon helmets had nasal protection.
\ Both Norman and Saxon shields were kite-shaped, made from wood and leather, reinforced with metal.
\ The Saxons had very few archers, but a lot of infantry.
\ William was coronated on 25th December 1066
Claim passed on from King Cnut down.
Claims to the throne
William, Duke of Normandy
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Norman conquest of England, England, William the Conqueror, Battle of Hastings, Senlac Hill, Harold Godwinson, Hastings, Fyrd, Anglo-Saxon military organization
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