Hastings Battle Facts

Important Points and facts

When - October 14th 1066

Where - Hastings, East Sussex

Who - Norman (William) VS. Saxon (Harold G)

\ William lands near Pevensey

\ Harold G’s tired men arrived at Hastings to meet William on October 13th

\ The hill which Harold took position on was called the Senlac Hill

\ The battle began with volleys of stone missiles being hurled into William’s army by the Saxon ‘fyrd’ s

\ The Norman cavalry rode on special saddles that effectively locked them in place as they rode and all but allowed them to keep their arms free to fight with.

\ Harold's army was a combination of professional soldiers, Harold's bodyguards, and men who had been collected on the march south from Stamford Bridge to Sussex.

\ The majority of Harold G’s men were paid to fight, but some did it because they believed that it was right to fight against an attacker.

\ Harold G had the advantage as he was based on top of the Senlac Hill.

\ William was a superior commander of his troops. He was also very sharp, winning the battle by intellect instead of strength.

\ In a way, Harold was a fool as he fell for the same trick 3 times.

\ The soldiers most heavily protected, on both sides, were the infantry. Second came the cavalry, then, least protected of all were the archers.

\ The main weapons used by infantry were the spear, lethal at a distance, the sword, and the great two headed axe, used mainly by the Saxons.

\ The Norman cavalry were usually the most armed, as they normally rode with a spear, a sword, a mace, and sometimes a small dagger.

\ Both the Norman and Saxon helmets had nasal protection.

\ Both Norman and Saxon shields were kite-shaped, made from wood and leather, reinforced with metal.

\ The Saxons had very few archers, but a lot of infantry.

\ William was coronated on 25th December 1066

Claim passed on from King Cnut down.

Claims to the throne

Harald Hadraada

William, Duke of Normandy

Harold Godwineson