Hannah Butt
Professor Bowman
ECAE 3103
4/24/17
Infant Toddler Research Study

Introduction:
Young children are dependent on the care they receive from others. There is always a child in the care of someone. All the child's physical and psychological needs must be met by one or more people who understand what infants, in general, need and what they in particular want. Caregiving routines include feeding, diapering, toilet training, dressing napping etc. To ensure the child's health and growth, caregivers need to be sensitive to the physical state of the young child, to be able to judge whether the child is hungry, tired, needs toileting, or is becoming sick. Responsive caregivers are able to make these judgments because they monitor the child's movements, expressions, and temperature.
Both parents and caregivers want children to develop a sense of security in the childcare setting. This is developed through the partnership that caregivers and parents build based on mutual respect, understanding, acceptance and agreement. It begins by having clear expectations and open lines of communication in both verbal and nonverbal ways. It continues by having shared goals for the child and respect for different approaches to getting there. Written policies, daily conversations and individual visits are ways of sharing information. When the partnership is successful, caregivers are more responsive to the children and feel a greater commitment to quality care.

Through caregiving routines infants and toddlers grow and develop a sense of attachment. These routines also promote the healthy development of children. The purpose of my research is to determine how caregiving routines influence infants and toddler's overall development.

Background Information:
According to Infants, Toddlers, and Caregivers, "The quality of the interaction matters. Learning and development as well as deepening relationships occur when the interactions are respectful, responsive, and reciprocal." The book talks about care giving routines as activities that help a child's development. The routines, whether it's feeding, changing, napping etc. must be respectful, responsive and reciprocal in order for attachment to grow or to influence a healthy development of a child. One important component of the curriculum as it occurs during caregiving routines is attachment. Through sensitive caregiving interactions attachment grows, especially when there is consistency and overtime, children come to know the person who provides the care. According to Infants, Toddlers and Caregivers, "development, learning and attachment are vitally related. From attachment come feelings of trust and security. Lifelong learning and attitudes can be initiated on the diapering counter while babies are being washed, dressed, and groomed, and during feeding times. These essential activities of daily living provide multiple sensory experiences, much pleasure and satisfaction, and an opportunity to learn social and physical skills, all of which form the foundation of the intellect"(Gonzalez). This shows that caregiving routines influence the development of infants and toddlers. These routines must meet all of the three- R requirements in order to promote a healthy development. The book also talks about how interactions with consistent caregivers build structures in the brain that have long lasting cognitive effects.
According to Exchange, "The best way to tell if a child is getting enough sleep is how they look and act. When a child seems overtired (i.e. cranky, irritable, aggressive, uncooperative, overemotional, hyperactive, or inattentive), share your observations with the parents". Not all babies express their needs for rest in the same way. A respectful and responsive caregiver will learn to read each child's signals, which can range from slowing down, yawning and cranky attitude. Parents are the best source of information about their baby's sleep patterns and needs. Caregivers should provide a quiet and peaceful atmosphere. Calming music to help the child fall asleep. They should make sure children get fresh air and exercise because being tired is the best motivation for napping.
According to Responsive Caregiving, "The care and development of children under 3 year of age (infants and toddlers) is highly specialized and challenging work. It is specialized work because the ways that adults interact with infants and toddlers, and the experiences they provide are critical for the future development of these young children. It is challenging work because of the high dependence of infants and toddlers on adults, and the variability in their development. Early experiences of being cared for