Gun Control, a term that refers to the management of firearms in an effort to reduce the criminal use of these weapons. (MICROSOFT (R) ENCARTA 1995) In the early 1990s there were more than 200 million privately owned guns in the United States, which makes it plain to see why there are arguments for and against even the smallest amount of gun control. The Second Admendment to the Constitution of the United States, guarantees “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms shall not be infringed.”
In the 1930s a law passed by the federal government that required people wishing to own or possess a fully automatic or sawed-off barrel firearm to pay a $200 registration fee. This law was amended in 1986 to ban the manufacture of fully automatic firearms. (MICROSOFT (R) ENCARTA 1995) Some of the U.S. cities, such as Washington D.C., Chicago, and New York City, place restrictions on handgun ownership. A few cities across the U.S. have banned handguns entirely. A federal law restricts handgun amuntion capable of piercing body armor, and also requires that guns with plastic parts to contain enough enough metal in the gun to be detectable amount of metal. Law enforcement groups are among the most influential supports for a stricter gun control laws.
Efforts to pass national gun control laws have met fierce opposition from gun lobbiest. However in 1993, after a seven year battle, the congress of the United States passed the Brady bill, which requires prospective gun buyers to wait five working days before actually taking possession of their firearms. The bill was named after former White House press secretary James Brady, who became a proponet of gun control after being shot and seriously wounded during the 1981 assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan.
Bill Clinton heads the most anti-Second Amendment Administration in our history, and he is very proud of it. He has signed into law two of the most restrictive / contriviersal law on federal gun control in our nations history. ( The 1996 election came together with mixed results for American Gun oweners. The 105 th congress will come back together with pro gun majorities, with the most anti-gun president the United States has ever seen. ( admendment_ congress_ majority) In four years, we will see who will be the controlling force in our new government, many wonder if it will be Bill Clinton, Janet Reno, and Charles Schumer, or will it be our new 105th pro gun Congress.
The National Rifle Association of America (NRA) claims to be: First and Foremost, is its membership--Millions of Americans representing a diverse contrast from age, sex, race, religion. Americans have joined us from every state in the union, from every kind of economic background, from ever
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kind of politcal affiliation. What members share with every other member is an apprecation of shooting sports, belief in our constitu tional right to keep and bear arms and, most of all, a commitment to safety, responsibilty and freedom. The NRA was incorporated in 1871 to provide firearm training and encourage inter- est in shooting sports.
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Here are some very simple facts, of some major cities that have gun control, and have had it since the mid 1960s-1970s:

Washington D.C. Homocide Numbers/PerCapita Rates, 20-Year Trend
1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
268 277 235 188 192 189 180 200 223 294 183 175 147
35.9 38.3 32.8 26.8a 27.8 28.0 27.4 31.5 35.1 30.7 29.4 28.1 23.5

1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
194 225 369 434 472b 482c 443e 454f 399g
31.0 36.2 59.5 71.9 77.8 80.6d 75.2 78.5 70.0
a. From 1974-1976, before law took effect, the homocide rate dropped 30%
b. 380 of the city’s 382 firearm-related homocides were commited with handguns
c. 383 of the city’s 382 firearm-related homocides were commited with handguns
d. D.C.’s homocide tripled between 1976 (the last year before the ban took effect, and 1991, when the homocide peaked
e. All of the city’s 368 firearm related homocides were commited with handguns
g. 304 of the city’s 309 firearm related homocides were commited with handguns
(source Washington D.C. Police)

Chicago, Illinois
Chicago imposed a handgun registration requirement in 1968, the restriction had no effect on the total homocide rate percentages:
1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974
158 212 262 274 334 409 390 398 459 464
40% 42% 47% 42% 47% 51% 47% 56% 53% 48%
After homocides peaked in 1974, they declined until the 1980s. In April 1982, a law prohibiting possesion of handguns not previously registered with the Chicago police