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Georges Braque was a great man who helped create cubism along with
Picasso.What is cubeism? well its a Movement in painting and sculpture developed by Picasso and Braque from about 1907 and recognized as one of the great turning points in Western art. Cubism made a radical break from the idea of art as the imitation of nature that had dominated European painting and sculpture since the Renaissance, for Picasso and Braque aimed to depict objects as they are knows rather than as they appear at a particular moment and place.
To this end they broke down the subjects they represented into a
multiplicity of facets, rather than showing them from a single fixed
viewpoint, so that many different aspects of the same object could be
The two most important influences on the emergence of Cubism were
African sculpture and the later paintings of Cézanne. Picasso and
Braque's work up to 1912 is generally called "Analytic" Cubism; in this
phase of the movement forms were analyzed into predominantly geometrical structures and color was extremely subdued. In a second phase, known as "Synthetic" Cubism, color became stronger and shapes more decorative, and elements such as stenciled lettering and pieces of newspaper were introduced into paintings. Juan Gris was as important as Braque or Picasso in this phase of the movement.
World War I brought and end to the collaboration of Braque and Picasso,
but their work was immensely influential. Cubism, as well as being one
of the principal sources of abstract art, was infinitely adaptable,
giving birth to other artistic movements through the length of the
twentieth century. GEORGES BRAQUE
Georges Braque was born on May 13, 1882 in Argenteuil, France. The son
of a house painter, he apprenticed to his father and studied art at the
École des Beaux-Arts in Le Havre, France. In 1900, he moved to Paris to
work as an artist. Braque's earliest paintings were influenced by late
Impressionism and Fauvism, but in 1909, Braque developed a revolutionary new style. Working closely together, Braque and fellow painter Pablo Picasso invented Cubism, one of the most radical movements in thehistory of art.
The Cubists broke with the centuries-old tradition of
painting an illusion of reality on the flat surface of a canvas.
Instead, they created abstracted images of subjects shown from multiple
angles and perspectives. Critics described these works as resembling
"little cubes" and a new movement was born. Braque and his fellow
Cubists forever transformed the practice of painting and wrote a new
chapter in the history of art. During World War I, Braque was seriously
wounded while serving as a soldier in the French army, but following his recovery he resumed painting. Before his death in 1963, Braque continued to explore many of the same subjects of his Cubist phase but using sumptuous color harmonies and a more expressive, lyrical style.Although well known for his contributions to the development of Cubism, the rich and varied imagery of Braque's late work has not received the same critical attention as his earlier accomplishments. In addition, Braque's late paintings are not well represented in museums and collections outside of Europe. Georges Braque: The Late Works is a rare opportunity to view the mature work of one of this century's most
talented painters. Braque's late work was dominated by the production of three great cycles of paintings: the Billiard, Studio, and Bird series. The majority of Braque's Billiard and Studio paintings have been brought together in this exhibition. The Billiard series, painted between 1944 and 1952, expressed Braque's fascination with billiard tables and his admiration for the work of Vincent Van Gogh, who explored the same subject years before. In these paintings, as with his earlier Cubist compositions, Braque continued to investigate the problems associated with the representation of space on the flat surface of a canvas. In the Studio paintings of 1949-56, one of his most triumphant series, Braque turned to the private world of his studio for inspiration. The artist rendered humble, everyday objects such as pitchers, glasses, and paintbrushes in vibrant compositions. Throughout his career, Braque carried on the great French tradition of the still-life and explored the complex spatial relationships between inanimate objects and their surroundings. A pioneer in the use of non-traditional materials, Braque mixed sand and
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Art movements, Modern art, Fauvism, Cubes, Painting, Georges Braque, Cubism, Pablo Picasso, Abstract art, Western painting, Juan Gris, Proto-Cubism
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