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George Simpson made numerous contributions to the PNW and Washington during his time as the leader of the Hudson Bay Company. He was born in the 1970’s in Scotland. When he was in his 30’s he took over the company’s oversees operations job. He had no experience, but was sought after because of the way he carried himself. Also because he had not been tainted by the previous decade’s warfare. Because he was Scottish bred he was able to deal with the proud highlanders in charge of the Northwest operations.
George Simpson was born out of wedlock to an unknown mother and was the son of a Calvinist minister. Mainly his aunt raised him because his father was not a very good father. While he was in school he was very bright. He showed such knowledge for math he was offered an apprenticeship by his Uncle, Geddes Mackenzie Simpson, at a London sugar brokerage, Graham and Simpson. This business later expanded to include Andrew Colvile. After impressing his seniors in1820 as governor-in-chief of the company, he was nominated to be the oversees governor of the HBC (Hudson Bay Company). The HBC was an up and coming fur-trading company. Simpson was unanimously accepted and began to work as the commander of the Northern department. George Simpson dominated the HBC over the next four decades.
George Simpson was a man who thought very highly of himself. His idol was Napoleon because he ruled and empire. Simpson was short and even looked like Napoleon. And so did Simpson rule an empire, the HBC was the largest fur-trading company in America. Simpson turned the HBC company around and reestablished the company’s dominance after fierce competition with the Nor’ Westers. By 1826 Simpson was the ruler of both the Northern and Southern departments of the HBC. The HBC did come to an end though they were a monopoly and the courts split up their assets. Simpson soon retired and was replaced by Henry Berens. Shortly after his retirement Simpson died in his home on September 7, 1860.
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Fur trade, Oregon Country, Canadian folklore, Economic history of Canada, Hudsons Bay Company, George Simpson, Andrew Colville, Simpson, RAC-HBC Agreement, Fort Durham
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