Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan’s original name was Temujin.
He was born in 1167 near lake Baikal in Russia, born the
son of Yesukai. His father was a tribal chief. At the age of
13 he succeeded his father as tribal chief. In his early reign
though he had trouble with many of his subjects revolting but
he soon proved his military and political worth by
successfully suppressing and conquering not only his
revolting subjects but his hostile neighbors also. By 1206 he
was the master of much of Mongolia and was named by his
people Genghis Kahn meaning precious warrior lord. In
1208 he got his foothold inside the great wall of China and in
1213 he led his armies south and west into the area and did
not stop until he reached Shantung Peninsula. In 1215 he
captured Yenking with his armies, the last Chin stronghold,
and in 1218 the Korean Peninsula fell to his powers. In
1219, for revenge of the murders of some Mongol traders
he turned his armies west, invading Khoresm, a vast Turkish
empire. Looting and massacring, they swept through
Turkistan and sacked the cities of Bukhoro and Samarqand.
The invaders also took the cities of Peshawar and Lahore
and the surrounding country side. In 1222 they marched to
Russia and took over the regions between the Volga and
Dnepr rivers, taking control almost all the way to the arctic
ocean. The reason that Khan was such a great leader was
because he kept his army excellently organized, they were
also very disciplined and maneuverable. He was also an
honorable statesman and his empire was so safe and
organized that it is said that a visitor could go from one end
of it to the other without ever feeling a sense of fear or
danger. When he died on August 18th 1227, his empire was
split up 3 ways and given to his 3 sons and gradually
dissipated. That was the end of a truly great empire.