Gangs are a violent reality that people have to deal with
in today\'s cities. What has made these groups come about?
Why do kids feel that being in a gang is both an acceptable and
prestigious way to live? The long range answer to these
questions can only be speculated upon, but in the short term
the answers are much easier to find. On the surface, gangs
are a direct result of human beings\' personal wants and peer
pressure. To determine how to effectively end gang violence we
must find the way that these morals are given to the individual.
Unfortunately, these can only be hypothesized. However, by
looking at the way humans are influenced in society, I believe
there is good evidence to point the blame at several
institutions. These include the forces of the media, the
government, theatre, drugs and our economic system.

Many teens in gangs will pressure peers into becoming
part of a gang by making it all sound glamorous. Money is also
an crucial factor. A kid (a 6-10 year old, who is not yet a
member) is shown that they could make money for small
part time gang jobs (rolling people a street term). Although these are important factors they
are not strong enough to make kids do things that are strongly
against their morals.

In male gangs problems occur as each is the members tries
to be the most manly. This often leads to all members
participating in "one-up-manship". Quite often this will then
lead to each member trying to commit a bigger and more violent
crime or simply more crimes than the others. With all members
participating in this sort of activity it makes for a never
ending unorganized violence spree (A sort of Clockwork Orange
mentality). In gangs with more intellegent members these
feelings end up making each member want to be the star when
the groups commit a crime. This makes the gang much more
organized and improves the morale of members which in turn
makes them more dangerous and very hard for the police to deal
with and catch (There is nothing harder to find and deal with
than organized teens that are dedicated to the group). This
sort of gang is usually common of middle or upper class people
although it can happen in gangs in the projects and other low
rent districts too.

This "one-up-manship" is often the reason between rival
gangs fighting. All gangs feel powerful and they want to be
feared. To do this they try to establish themselves as the
only gang in a certain neighborhood. After a few gang fights
hatred forms and gang murders and drive-by\'s begin to take
place. When two gangs are at war it makes life very dangerous
for citizens in the area. Less that 40% of drive-by\'s kill
their intended victim yet over 60% do kill someone. This gang
application is one of the many reasons that sexual sterotypes
and pressure to conform to the same must be stopped.

Lastly one of the great factors in joining a gang is for
protection. Although from an objective point of view, we can
see joining a gang brings more danger than it saves you from,
this is not always the way it is seen by kids. In slums such as
the Bronx or the very worst case, Compton, children will no
doubt be beaten and robbed if they do not join a gang. Of
course they can probably get the same treatment from rivals
when in a gang. The gang also provides some money for these
children who quite often need to feed their families. The
reason kids think that the gang will keep them safe is from
propoganda from the gangs. Gang members will say that no one
will get hurt and make a public show of revenge if a member is
hurt or killed.

Gangs now are through out Australia. Any gangs in his local community can consist of TNT, Thornberry and Northcute thugs, Okleigh Wogs, DKB, TRS, Cambo Clowns and many ,ore gangs. They can also be referred to the area they hang around like Boccy Hangers, Glenferies Hangers.