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Freud came to see personality as having three aspects, which work together to produce all of our complex behaviours
the Id, the Ego and the Superego. All 3 components need to be well-balanced in order to have good amount of psychological
energy available and to have reasonable mental health.However, the Ego has a difficult time dealing with the competing
demands of the Superego and the Id. According to the psychoanalytic view, this psychological conflict is an intrinsic and
pervasive part of human experience. The conflict between the Id and Superego, negotiated by the Ego, is one of the
fundamental psychological battles all people face. The way in which a person characteristically resolves the instant
gratification vs. longer-term reward dilemma in many ways comes to reflect on their "character".The ID functions in the
irrational and emotional part of the mind. At birth a baby’s mind is all Id want want want. The Id is the primitive mind.
It contains all the basic needs and feelings. It is the source for libido . And it has only one rule
the “pleasure principle”: “I want it and I want it all now”. In transactional analysis, Id equates to "Child". Id too
strong = bound up in self-gratification and uncaring to others
The ego functions with the rational part of the mind. The Ego develops out of growing awareness that you can’t alway
get what you want. The Ego relates to the real world and operates via the “reality principle”. The Ego realises the need for
compromise and negotiates between the Id and the Superego. The Ego's job is to get the Id's pleasures but to be reasonable
and bear the long-term consequences in mind. The Ego denies both instant gratification and pious delaying of gratification.
The term ego-strength is the term used to refer to how well the ego copes with these conflicting forces. To undertake its
work of planning, thinking and controlling the Id, the Ego uses some of the Id's libidinal energy. In transactional analysis
Ego equates to "Adult"Ego too strong = extremely rational and efficient, but cold, boring and distant
THE SUPEREGO (“Over-I”): The Superego is the last part of the mind to develop. It might be called the moral part of the
mind. The Superego becomes an embodiment of parental and societal values. It stores and enforces rules. It constantly strives
for perfection, even though this perfection ideal may be quite far from reality or possibility. Its power to enforce rules comes
from its ability to create anxiety.
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Psychology, Freudian psychology, Psychoanalysis, Psychoanalytic theory, Id, ego and super-ego, Reality principle, Pleasure principle, Transactional analysis, Delayed gratification, Ego psychology, Ego ideal
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