Frankenstein By Mary Shelley





The main ideas that will be focused upon on this report is Mary Shelley's
use of irony and symbolism. Mary shelley's use of irony puts an
interesting twist to many scenes in the story. Shelley also uses symbolism
to show how a thing, place or even feeling can represent something
Frankenstein is about scientist that makes a person or creature out of
spare dead human parts. But Frankenstein is more than a scary story
about a monster, in fact many frightening parts are those that show
societies rejection of the monster, and his feelings.

Victor Frankensteins initial reaction to seeing his creation alive, was that
of pure horror. He could not believe that something so revolting could
exist, even though he himself brought it into existence. Victor
Frankensteins rejection of his monster is used by Mary Shelley to analyze
mans instinctive behavior and it's consequences. Victors instinct was to
run, not realizing that the monster is indeed human with emotions and all
the hard work that he put into creating him. This is rather ironic to see
because Victor's family was always generous in that they traveled the
world trying to help people, and ultimately adopting a young peasant that
would be Victor's sister. They took Elizabeth in to their family with love.
Victor on the other hand did not act this way, he gave his creation no love
or affection, not realizing what the ultimate results to this may be. Another
point that Mary Shelley makes is that like a child, the monster came into
the world with no fears or biases. Instead, Society molded the creature
into what it later becomes. The monster did not choose it's creation nor
it's rejection, these things were forced upon by society. It is also very
ironic that Victor creates the monster with only one thought in mind, to
create life and to enhance life, by maybe avoiding death. But the result of
his creation is the death of just about everyone that he loved. This idea is
shown in another way, Captain Walton, the man Victor tells his tale to, is
also trying to acheive something that he thinks is very important (finding
the north pole), not realizing that he is hurting people more than helping.
The Lesson Victor teaches is very important. By Victor telling Captain
Walton his amazing story, Captain Walton realizes what he is doing and
ends his journey that he once would have died to accomplish. In an ironic
way, Victor Frankenstein could very much have saved Captain Walton and
his crews lives by telling them his story. So Victor's tragedy may have
actually saved a few lives after all.


Through Characerization Mary Shelley examines most of mans emotions
to the extreme. The monster is the character with the most emotions. The
monster is at first curious and harmless, he is then abused by society and
then develops anger and hatred, towards everyone. Victor's emotions
begin with lots of love and appreciation of science and the world, but then
after the monsters birth, his emotions change into fear, and want of
revenge. Victor's emotions control everything he does. "I shall relate
events that impressed me with feelings which, from what I had been, have
made me what I am". Elizabeth's emotions throughout the novel does not
change. She always loved Victor no matter what, this could very well be
because she was never told about the creature. So the only characters
that changed emotionally in the novel were the beast and his creator. They
changed themselves for the worse. Naturally both Victor and the monster
blamed themselves for their despair.

Irony played a huge role in Frankenstein. Mary Shelley's irony puts a very
weird twist on things. Examples are, Victor's mind was set on making
good and not evil, instead of the monster immediately being evil, it is
society and Victor himself that brings about the evil in the monster. This is
very ironic beacause Victor's creation was a success in many ways, but his
fear of the unknown ruined everything. Another example of irony is the
use of electricity. Victor was always fond of electricity and always found it
interesting. Electricity was also the most important ingredient for life
according to Victor. Electricity made the creature's life possible. Then
later on in the novel when Victor goes back home when he hears of his
brother's death, a lightning flash lights up the sky and shows Victor the
monster. "A flash of lightning illuminated the object and discovered it's
shape plainly to me; it's gigantic stature, and the deformity of it's aspect,
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