Frankenstein and it's implications regarding Science and Nature
From the opening pages of the book to its tragic conclusion, great care was taken by Mary Shelly to develop the characters of both Dr. Frankenstein and his monster creation. This careful construction of character creates the obvious contrast between the two main characters. Focus is immediately drawn to the huge differences between the monster and it's creator. Frankenstein's bright and insightful beginnings as a young student compared to the monsters lonely and isolated discovery of existence. This mirror-like contrast implies a rift between science and nature. Frankenstein's naive desire to create his perfect creature paled in comparison to the horror that he realizes after the grotesque creation was complete. After his creator deserted him the actions taken by the monster seemed to mirror that of his creator, while Frankenstein was seeking isolation from society, the monster was seeking companionship. The monster suffered through the torment of walking the earth alone while Frankenstein married Elizabeth. These events further suggest the implication of the struggle between science and nature.
The childhood memories of Victor Frankenstein was exceptional through his own admittance, "No youth can be passed more happily than mine" (Shelly 66). So much so that he was able to "feel pleasure in dwelling on the recollections of childhood." (67). His family is "one of the most distinguished of that republic" (63) and with the addition of Elizabeth who was "docile and good tempered, yet gay and playful" (65) it wasn't hard to envision Victor as a well-raised child. But that unfortunately was not so for Victor's creation, who was "half-frighten" (131) and "confused" (131) in his first few days of existence. With the knowledge that his "creator, detest and spurn" (127) him, the monster was in a situation of utter hopelessness and "misery" (128). As the story progresses the monster recognizes his unjust situation and expresses his feelings towards his creator "I am thy creature: ought to be thy Adam; but I am rather the fallen angel" (Godwin 128). The monster also speaks out about his isolation from society, "Everywhere I see bliss, from which I alone am irrevocably excluded." (128). This very obvious comparison regarding origin is implicated towards the Science and Nature of man, the monster a symbolism of science. During this time period of Mary Shelley's life, and the knowledge that Mary collects portions of her work from her life experiences it is possible that she viewed science as ugly and confused. A part of man that was artificially created, much like the monster created by Frankenstein. Furthermore the exclusion of family from the monsters life further suggests that science possibly is without relations to anything else, an entity not natural to all that is around. Proof of this can be supported with the views that Frankenstein has towards the modern field of Science; "I was required to exchange chimeras of boundless grandeur for realities of little worth" (75). With these views forcibly infused into Frankenstein's mind the very appearance of the professor seems distasteful, "was a little squat man, with a gruff voice and repulsive countenance" (75). It is more than coincidence that both the monster and professor are deemed as a little less than attractive, one because of his belief in the modern sciences and the other because of his representation of modern science. One must also keep in mind the representation that Frankenstein and his childhood symbolizes. The foundation of Victor's prestigious family roots and favorable childhood suggests that the Nature aspect has so far acquired a long history that has been widely accepted by society. The bountiful support given by his father and others such as Elizabeth represents a relationship of nature toward many other things in Mary Shelley's view. Frankenstein himself is an extension of nature, his unforgiving and sometimes selfish acts could symbolize the ideal "survival of the fittest" (Darwin), the very basis on which nature exists upon.
During the creation of the monster and after the death of Elizabeth, Frankenstein has been in a state of isolation, "neglect the scenes around me caused me also to forget those friends who were so many miles absent, and whom I have not seen for a long time" (83). Because of his dedication