This essay Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes has a total of 1271 words and 9 pages.
Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes
Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes is one of the most famous romantic painters. Born in the town of Fuendetodos, near Sargasso, on March 30, 1746 to a middle-class family, Goya even at young age had a will of his own. He was not just a painter, but an adventurous young man. At the age of fourteen, he became an apprentice of Jose Luzan, although, as Goya himself admitted, his true masters were, besides nature, Velazquez and Rembrandt. At twenty-four, he managed to make his way to Italy. He remained there for about a year. In 1773 he returned to Spain, where he eventually became a principal designer to the royal tapestry works. His cartoon tapestries were unique, depicting open-air amusements attended by Madrid\'s upper class. After his appointment as a court painter to Charles III, Goya became famous for his strikingly unique portraits of his royal and upper class subjects. Goya, however, did not idealize the upper class, but, indeed, held a cynical view of it. His sympathy with liberal reform movements may have prompted his unflattering depictions of the corrupt and reactionary Spanish royal family, which can be seen in his portrait of The Family of Charles IV.
The Dreams of Reason . . .
In 1792, Goya became seriously ill. His illness left him deaf and contributed to the pessimistic mood of his later works. After Napoleon\'s invasion of Spain in 1808, Goya painted two large canvases representing the tragic events of the war. In his passionate The Third of May, 1808, (completed in 1814), the horror and cruelty of war are shown through the image of the French firing squad executing the Spanish revolutionaries. In Los Caprichos, Goya has offered his haunting interpretation of bestiality in human beings. Towards the end of his life, Goya exiled himself to Bordeaux, where he lived from 1824 until his death on April 16, 1828.
Clark, Kenneth. The Romantic Rebellion. New York, NY: Harper & Row Publishers, 1990.
Nochlin, Linda. Realism and Tradition in Art. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1991.
Delacroix became a leader of the Romantic school of art, deriving his inspiration from violent sources, predominantly war. Delacroix was a humanitarian, and his subjects were largely chosen in response to the tumultuous times in which he lived. Liberty Leading the People and Greece Expiring on the Ruins of Missolonghi in particular showed his love of allegory in painting, the former depicting representatives of each of the social classes of France following an anthropomorphic Liberty, and the latter depicting Greece as a single grieving woman.
In 1831, Delacroix accompanied Charles de Mornay, a friend and diplomat, on a journey to Morocco--a journey which radically altered the style of Delacroix\'s painting. Although his subject material had often been the Orient in The Death of Sardanapalus and others, Delacroix had never actually been near these places; his journey to Morocco gave him a firsthand experience which gave him real insight into the things he would paint from then on.
Delacroix\'s experience in Morocco accomplished two things. First, it introduced the concept of vibrant colors in a new way. Previously, the notions governing color in paintings kept things generally dark and somber, using dark colors primarily for emphasis and contrast. Delacroix introduced color in a much more free manner, allowing vibrant color to cover every inch of canvas. While Mattisse and Picasso would later adapt this into abstract forms, Delacroix used it to capture precisely every minute detail of a scene--color photographs long before their time.
The Death of Sardanapalus
The second major influence of Delacroix\'s Morocco journey was that it broke with the tradition of the Italian pilgrimage which almost all artists made. Once he had visited Morocco, he felt that visiting Italy to study art would be absurd. After this, the center of artistic inspiration began to move away from Italy as other artists also began to journey to the near and far East for their studies.
Matthews, Roy T., and F. DeWitt Platt. The Western Humanities. (Mountain View, CA; Mayfield Publishing Group, 1995).
Perry, Marvin, Joseph R. Peden, and Theodore H. Von Laue. Sources of the Western Tradition. (Boston, MA; Houghton Mifflin, 1995).
Sulivan, Richard E., Dennis Sherman, and John B. Harrison. A Short History of Western
Topics Related to Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes
Etchings, Francisco Goya, Eugne Delacroix, Romanticism, Los caprichos, Sardanapalus, The Third of May, Goya Awards
Essays Related to Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes
Francisco Jos Goya y Lucientes Francisco José Goya y Lucientes Born on March 30, 1746, in Aragon province of Spain. The reason for this man’s two last names is that it is a Spanish custom to take on both parents’ last names to make a combination for their own, his father’s last name was Goya and his mother’s, Lucientes, but he is most widely known by the name Goya. He lived in a very common family of the time, he worked as a gilder for a short while with his father in the town he was born in, Fuendetodos. But due to the econ
Blindness and its Significance in the Works of RembrandtBlindness and its Significance in the Works of Rembrandt Since his arrival into the art world Art historians have been attempting to tap into the world of Rembrandt. Hundreds upon hundreds of books have been published all trying to do so. Upon conducting a search through Amazon.com keyword Rembrandt it returned to following: 401 different books about the life and works of Van Rin. And these are the ones that are still in print not to mention all the articles, movies, journals…well you get the po
Pablo PicassoPablo Picasso On October 25, 1881 Maria Picasso Lopez gave birth to a son. Little did she know that that child was an artist. Picasso himself once said “every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up”. So the question is, was Picasso right, was he an artist from birth or did the way in which he lived make him the artist that he became? Pablo Picasso’s father, Jose Ruiz Blasco, was an artist and a teacher at San Telmo school of arts and industrial design in Mala
Mary Cassatt was born in Allegheny City Pennsylvania on May 22 1847 an Mary Cassatt was born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania on May 22, 1847 and passed away on June 14, 1926. She was the first American artist to associate with the impressionists and the only American ever to exhibit with them. (The impressionist group were painters who aimed to represent the effects of light on objects.) She promoted the impressionists in the United States and is responsible for the appearance of many impressionist paintings in the U.S. collections. In 1861 she began to study pain
Vincent van Gogh is born on 30 March in the small village of Groot-Zun Vincent van Gogh is born on 30 March in the small village of Groot-Zundert, Holland to Theodorus Van Gogh (1822-1885) and Anna Cornelia née Carbentus (1819-1907). 1857 Vincent's brother, Theo, is born on 1 May. 1864 Vincent begins schooling in Zevenbergen. He learns French, English and German and begins drawing for the first time. 1869 After finishing his schooling, Vincent is apprenticed to Goupil & Cie, art dealers from Paris with a branch established in the Hague by his uncle Vincent (Uncle
The Lascaux cave was discovered in 1940 by a group of teenage boys who The Lascaux cave was discovered in 1940 by a group of teenage boys who had followed their dog down a hole. After returning with lights the next day, the boys explored their find and decided to keep it a secret among themselves. Eventually they told their teacher about it and it became one of the greatest finds of the century. Located in some woods near Perigot, a city north of Montigna, on the left side of Vexere, the Lascaux cave quickly became very famous, especially after it was opened to th
Marcel Duchamp is considered Marcel Duchamp is considered as one of the most influential artists of the 20th Century by the modern art world. Duchamp, who participated in artistic movements from Fauvism to Surrealism, was an innovator and a revolutionary within the art world. Duchamp, being a founding force in the Dada movement, was also a main influencing factor of the development of the 20th Century avant-garde art. All in all Duchamp has become a legend within the art world. Marcel Duchamp was born on July 28,1887 in Bl
B E C The New Phase of MatterB E C: The New Phase of Matter A new phase of matter has been discovered seventy years after Albert Einstein predicted it's existence. In this new state of matter, atoms do not move around like they would in an ordinary gas condensate. The atoms move in lock step with one another and have identical quantum properties. This will make it easier for physicists to research the mysterious properties of quantum mechanics. It was named Molecule of the Year because it was such a major discovery, but i
Rembrandt van Rijn Rembrandt van Rijn Ashley Richardson 2/28/04 Mrs. Mignin What would you think of an artist that painted two thousand three hundred paintings in sixty three years? I would say that's pretty amazing. Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was regarded by many as the greatest painter, in the 1600's and in Dutch art in general. Rembrandt had a very original, but interesting way of bringing out the main characters in a painting. He had a good family back round. He spent most of his life in Leiden and Amster
Romantic painter Francisco De Goya The works of Romantic painter Francisco De Goya document not only the personal torment in the artist’s soul but also mirror the torment of his country. His paintings give expression to the two sides of the changes of his time. He depicted the idyll gardens of rococo in self-deceptive serenity as well as the enlightened critical vision in an age of political catastrophes. His aesthetic evolution shows the affect of these times of deep transformations in society. In order to understand the subje