F. Scott Fitzgerald


F. Scott Fitzgerald once said "An author ought to write for the youth of his generation, the critics of the next, and the schoolmasters of ever afterwards." With that being so Fitzgerald wrote what he knew. Out of his generation came the roaring twenties or as Fitzgerald coined it "The Jazz Age," and from this comes a depiction of the time The Great Gatsby.


As World War I came to an end many Americans felt animosity toward foreigners and radical thinkers because most held them responsible for the horrors of the great war. These ideas led to a resurgence of groups such as the Ku Klux Klan. General distrust of foreigners and liberal movements endured throughout the decade.


In November of 1920 Warren G. Harding won a major landslide victory under a promise of a return to "normalcy." People wanted peace and prosperity and the President tried to give that to them by returning the country to prewar conditions. He pushed for peace through disarmament and established probusiness policies and fought against labor unions. Bills were passed by the congress to curb the number of immigrants coming into the United States. Harding was very popular before his death in 1923 for returning the country to prosperity. After his death though it became very apparent that his administration was one of the most corrupt in United States history. Calvin Coolidge took the reigns and followed Harding’s policies and the prosperity continued.


As for the youth of the nation they were disillusioned by the lessons of World War I and rebelled against prewar ideology and conventions. Women refused to give up the independence they had grown accustomed to while the men were in Europe fighting the great war. Thus the womens suffrage movement came to a pleasing outcome when in 1920, the nineteenth amendment was passed giving women the right to vote and recognized women as equals. With this came a new look and thinking for women. They bobbed their hair, and more open about their sexuality, they quit wearing corsets and smoked and drank in public.


Most Americans were bumped up a notch or two. To at least a modest living situation. Working less hours and higher income led to the pursuit of leisure activities.


The Volstead act passed in 1919 made it illegal to distribute or sell alcohol. This did not stop the true entrepreneurs among the population. A rise in organized crime and a supply and demand economy brought out the bootleggers and the speak easies. This gave opportunities for people like Jay Gatz to transform himself into one of the nuvouriche. Or new money.


The division of East and West Egg is a running social commentary that represents the division of East/West states and the division of class and society in the 20th century.


The mid‑west represents the new territory and is the pioneer spirit behind West Egg in New York. Some of the values Fitzgerald felt they possessed are honesty , human respect, divinity, idealism, romanticism, faith, ambition, community, and other spiritual values which are personified in the novel.


East Egg represents the mirror opposite of West Egg. Whereas Nick and Gastby live on West Egg which shows that they have retained their closeness to western values. While the Buchanans live on East Egg represent the corruption in the East.


Amongst the duality of East And West Egg are the three houses of the main character.


Tom and Daisy’s is a large elaborate mansion which is more spacious than what they need. This has the idea of the space between Tom and Daisy. There is no real love but they have all properties and convenience to cover up the real situation in the home.


Directly across the water is Gatsby’s ostentatious home. He picked the spot to keep his eyes on the love of his life. All his wealth and theatricalness of his life is all to impress Daisy. He holds great parties always hoping Daisy will stop by.


Nick lives in the "weather beaten bungalow" next to Gatsby’s palatial home. His Home Blends in with the mansions it is sandwiched between. Like the home Nick blends in and is not showy. Both Nick and his modest home are the vehicles for others wants and needs.


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