Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, in July of 1899. His full name was Ernest Miller
Hemingway. His father was a physician and his mother was very artistic and responsive to the culture of
her day. In high school Ernest participated in many sports. He participated only because he was expected
to not because he wanted to or enjoyed playing. However, from the beginning his only true love was for
writing. At the young age of eighteen, Hemingway began a promising career in writing, that would provide
for him for years to come. He contributed regularly to the Tabula, a literary magazine, and he worked
briefly as a reporter for the Kansas City Star. Hemingway had a very unique style, which was by no means
spontaneous. It came from many years of reporting that gave him his crisp language. He has been defined
as the master of dialog. He developed a plain, yet forceful prose style characterized by simple sentences
and exact descriptions. He also created a!
type of male character who faces violence and destruction with courage. This is often referred to as
Hemingway’s "code hero". He had a huge influence on twentieth century writers and his style has been
imitated by a large number of authors. He learned to write objectively from Lionel Calhoun Morse, a
family journalist of the day. Many of Hemingway’s themes refer to death and the difficulties in the lives of
men.
Hemingway, later decided he wanted to fight in the war in Europe. Yet after being turned down twelve
times by the health examiner, he volunteered for the Red Cross Ambulance Service. In May of 1918, he
was shipped to Europe as "honorary lieutenant" to see service with the Italian Army. Hemingway’s
experience with the Italian army and his first experience at war gave him substance for his second novel, A
Farewell To Arms (www.elibrary.com).
Hemingway’s most famous works were two of his first: The Sun Also Rises(1926) and A Farewell To
Arms(1929). When Hemingway returned to America in 1927, he began to write his collection of short
stories, which included: "A Clean-Well Lighted Place"; "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber"; and
"The Snows of Kilimanjaro". He also wrote nonfiction. His Death in the Afternoon deals with
bullfighting, which he enjoyed. In Green Hills of Africa(1935) he describes his experience on an African
Safari. When he went to Spain, he used the war setting to compose, For Whom the Bell Tolls. By the
1940’s he was internationally famous. Across the River and Through the Trees showed his quickly
increasing bitterness for life. Further, The Old Man and The Sea exposed Hemingway’s concern for
presenting a tough, masculine image. Hemingway suffered both mental and physical illnesses during the
1950’s which caused his suicide on July 2, 1961. "A Movable Feast" was published after!
his death. It has been defined as a notebook he kept in the 1920’s, while in Paris, France. (Baker 1988).
Although Hemingway is dead, he was a remarkable man, and his style and notorious works live on through
the writers of today.























3.
When Frederic meets Catherine we know nothing about her except that she is an English nurse whose
fiancé has died in the war. She is first portrayed as being beautiful and somewhat distant. As we get to
know her we begin to see her concern for love and it’s expression. She ends up giving herself completely
to Frederic. This makes her a static character and causes us to notice the significant changes in Frederic
throughout the novel. Catherine fits the description of Hemingway’s code hero very well. This is because
she finds meaning in her world, denies formal religion as a sort of comfort, and faces both life and death
with little to no self pity. With her extreme "goodness and constancy to Frederic, she has been criticized as
a dream image, as a bland creature with very little personality, and as an unrealistic image of a woman
(www.elibrary.com)". Cat and Frederic’s love for one another seems somewhat strange and unreal.
However we as readers must also consider!
the harsh and abnormal circumstances in which the two live. They therefore must base their relationship
with and love for one another around their jobs and the war