Ernest Hemingway sought to live as his characters did He tried to expe
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Ernest Hemingway sought to live as his characters did. He tried to experience first hand what it was like to be in danger, to test his courage in war, and to take great personal risks as no other writer had done before. At times it is hard to tell his stories apart from his life.
Ernest Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois, in 1899 to parents Clarence Edmonds and Grace Hall Hemingway. As he grew up his father, a practicing doctor, taught him to hunt and fish. While his mother hoped to make him a professional musician, but in high-school it was clear that young Ernest distinguished himself in English and in writing.(Baker,1).
In 1917 Ernest shut out the idea to go to college and moved to Kansas City were he got a job as a cub reporter for the Kansas City Star(Mitan,1). The Star was the first place that introduced Ernest to news writing. News writing demands brief, to the point sentences, that contain smooth following of ideas. Ernest would later use this style for his stories.
In May of 1918, Hemingway became a honorary second lieutenant in the Red Cross. He could not join the army due to a defective left eye. On his first day overseas he and other ambulance drivers were assigned to go out and look for body remains of women and children from bombed factory's. This most defiantly was a shocking moment in Hemingways life.(Mitan,2).
Hemingway was often known to be near the action. He would often sneak chocolates and cigarettes to the soldiers in the Italian front. On one occasion he was severely injured when his trench was hit with a Austrian mortar. With over a hundred pieces of shrapnel in his body and a bullet lodged in his leg he managed to drag a fallen comrade to safety(Baker,1). For this Hemingway received the Italian Medal of Valor.
After his stay at the American hospital in Italy he unhappily returned to Oak Park. Unwilling to find work his mother kicked him out of the house. He then moved to Chicago to write for the Toronto Star. In Chicago, Ernest met Elizabeth Hadley Richardson. Not making that much money and wanting to marry his new found love Hadley, they chose to move to Paris. Ernest convinced the Toronto Star to let him be their overseas correspondent as his job while he also worked as a sparring partner for boxers(Baker,2). The couple was also able to get money from Hadley's trust fund.(Mitran,3). It was in Paris were Hemingway was able to meet many of the great writers of his time this group was historically known as "The Expatriates".(World Book,1) During this time of Hemingways life he discovered the Pamplona bull run and the San Fermin July Fiesta in Spain(Mitran,3). This would later lead to many short stories and books about bull fighting.
With a new child on the way and no real publications in Paris, Hemingway and Hadley decided to return to American soil and live in Toronto. In 1923 John Hadley Nicanor Hemingway was born. The Hemingways stay in Canada was short due to his published book: " In our Time".(Mitran,3).
The year 1926 was a good publishing year for Hemingway "The Torrents of Spring" and "The Sun Also Rises" were published. These stories were popular in America. Hemingways writing career was on the rise.
While Ernest's career grew his marriage did not. His last few years in Paris made him a moody man. He had a kind of alcoholic anger that set in on him. In 1927, Pauline Pfeiffer a fashion editor for Vogue fell in love with Ernest. Hadley gave Ernest a chance to save their marriage but he blew it so she left him. Out of guilt he arranged for Hadley to receive all the royalties from the book: "The Sun also Rises". Now Pfeiffer was the only women in his life. Pauline left Paris for the US. But Hemingway stayed in Paris living and working alone. He managed to publish "Men without Women" which were a collection of stories about men without women.(Baker,4)
In 1928 Pauline and Ernest were married and shortly down settled in Kansas City when their child Patrick Hemingway was born.
Soon after the new family moved to Key West, Florida. Here Hemingway
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Ernest Hemingway, The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber, Hadley Richardson, The Sun Also Rises, Pauline Pfeiffer, In Our Time, A Farewell to Arms, Patrick Hemingway, Big Two-Hearted River, The Revolutionist
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