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EDGAR ALLEN POE
DEC. 27, 1998
Edgar Allen Poe is one of the most famous American writers, he is also known as a poet and a critic but he is most known as the master of the short story form. This essay will is about Edgar Allen poe’s life and it describes what a tough life he had for example his mother died when he was a kid his father was a drunk and after his mother died he and his brother and sister were orphaned his so called father didn’t really consider him much of a son he sent Poe to college but that’s as far as he went because once he got there he was on his own, and so on. This essay also includes some of the things that Poe had to go through to become a writer and some of his most famous works as THE FALL OF THE HOUSE OF USHER, and THE RAVEN.
Edgar Allen Poe son of the actress Eliza Poe and actor David Poe Jr., was born January 19, 1809. His father was from a good Baltimore family and drunk heavily. His mother however was a good actress but she died of tuberculosis in Richmond Virginia in December of 1811.
After this at the age of 3, Edgar and his brother and sister were orphaned. Edgar went to the home of John and Fanny Allan who lived in Richmond, VA. John Allan was a successful merchant. In 1815 they went to England for five years where he attended private school. Edgar was athletic and smart. As Edgar got older though he started feeling worse and more lowly than the other boys. He fell in love with one of his friend\'s mother whose name was Mrs. Jane Stanard. Her parents disapproved of the relationship so they broke it off. Though his foster father wanted him to go into business, he managed to go to the University of Virginia in 1826.
He then studied French, Spanish, Italian, and Latin and could read Byron and Campbell. He was in trouble from the day he stepped in. Mr. Allan had not given him enough money to pay for his expenses so he took to gambling and drinking. He reached points where his debt was up to $2,000. His “father" refused to pay these debts so his education ended and he decided to leave for Boston in March 1827. He there enlisted as a common soldier under the name Edgar A. Perry. He was stationed at Charleston for over a year, he adapted well to the military discipline and moved through the ranks quickly. He soon became bored of military life and he wrote to his father reconciling with him after the death of his mother in 1829.
With his dad\'s help he got discharged to West Point on July 1, 1830. At West Point the same thing happened. Mr. Allen did not give him enough money. He decided then to get expelled and he did so. In 1831 more desperate then ever he published a new set of poem untitled Second Edition. Poe had many difficulties. He had settled in NY, buthe couldn\'t find a job. he asked his dad for help but got no answer. He finally set up with his aunt, Mrs. Clem in Baltimore. He failed as a poet but turned to story writing. Now is when his short stories started to surface. He competed for best short story with entries from the Philadelphia Saturday Courier. He did not win this contest but all the stories were eventually published in the paper.
In 1833 The Saturday Visitor of Baltimore announced a literary contest with prizes of fifty dollars for best short story and twenty five for best poem. Poe sent in many stories and MS. Found in a Bottle won the story prize and his poem would have won but they decided not to let the same person win both. It was not much money but a novelist took an interest to Poe and made friends with him by helping him to sell short story to the new Southern Literary Messenger of Richmond. Poe joined the staff of the magazine and soon became the editor. Many of his own stories appeared in the magazine. Once
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Edgar Allan Poe, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket, The Raven, Eliza Poe, David Poe Jr., MS. Found in a Bottle, Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque, The Fall of the House of Usher, Poems by Edgar Allan Poe, Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe
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