Cuba is the largest island in the West Indies. It is one of four islands. They are Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Puerto Rico. They make up the Greater Antilles archipelago. Cuba is located just south of the Tropic of Cancer in the Caribbean Sea. Cuba's Western tip extends into the Gulf of Mexico between Florida and the Yucatan Peninsula. Havana Is the capital of Cuba.

Cuba is highly populated with 11.1 million people in 1995. The population now is about 10 million. The population density is about 256 per square mile. Urban percentage is 74%. Ethnic groups In Cuba is Mulatto 51%, White 37%, and black 11%. Their most common language is spanish. 85% of the people in Cuba are Roman Catholic prior to Castro. The official name is the Republic of Cuba.

Cuba has a quite common government system. Cuba is a communist state. The president is Fidel Castro. The local divisions are 14 provinces and 1 special municipality.

There are many economic sanctions against General Fidel Castro. Cuba was assited finacially along with the basic necessity such as food and water from the Soviet Union and the other Communist Countries. When the Soviet Union was
disolved, support had trickled in. The United States and other Democratic Countries would allow exporting of food, medical and textile (clothing). In return Cuba would export sugar, rice, coffee, fruit, and fish. Technology developed by the United States, United Kingdom and other Democratic Governments were prohibited (sanction) exporting to Cuba. These sanctions greatly reduce the living condition today. There are no playstations games, highspeed internet communications, such as the World Wide Web or lap tops computers. Many cars driven there are from the 1970 and earlier. Newer model cars are designed with sophisticated technology still banned presently.

The land of Cuba is mostly a rolling limestone and red clay/dirt. Mountainous area cover only about 1 quarter of the island and are widely spread. The most rugged is the Sierra Aaestra. Near the middle of Cuba, the Sierra De Trinidad Escambraj Mountains have a maximum elevation of more than 3,800 feet.


The surroundings bodies of warm water and the mild nothereasterly trade winds , moderate Cuba's tropical climate. The average annual temerature is about 77 degrees F. The average temperature is about 70 degrees and the summer is about 80 degrees. Rain fall averages five inches a year. It is heaviest from May to June and from September to October. Hurricanes pose a threat from July through October.

Colombus came to Cuba in 1492. Spain conquered it under Diego Velasquez in 1511. Frequent insurrections failed to end Spain's harsh rule. From 1868 to 1878 occured the armed rebellion known as the Ten Year War, Led by plantation owner Carlos Manuel De Cespedes, a coauthor of Cuba's Declaration of Independence. After the lossof 200,000 lives, The revolt ended in failure. On February 15, 1898, the USS maine blew up in Havana Harbor, and the United States declared war on April 25, 1898. A peace treaty signed in December, forced Spain to Surrender Cuba and provided for its temporary military occupation by the United States.