This essay Criminal Law Investigation has a total of 627 words and 5 pages.
Criminal Law Investigation
Murder is when a person of sound mind unlawfully kills any person with malice
To be convicted of murder, it has to be proven that the accused planned to kill
the victim, or that the accused acted in a way that he/she knew would harm or
kill the victim.
To defend against murder, one could claim self-defence, that is, that they
killed the person while defending themselves, if this was proven, the accused
should get acquitted. They could also claim they were provoked, if this was
proven, the crime would be brought down to manslaughter.
The punishment for murder is usually life imprisonment, but the court can impose
any punishment they choose.
A current Australian case is the one involving Adrian Bryant, who is accused of
killing many people in Port Arthur earlier this year.
Common assault (not sexual or seizing assault), is the use of force by a person
intending to inflict pain, injury, discomfort or insult on another person.
To prove this, it must be shown that the accused committed the crime, no
forethought needs to be proven.
To defend against this, the accused could claim it was an accident, self-defence
or consent of the victim. Consent is just if the victim said it was all right
for the accused to do what he/she did. The other two are self explanatory.
The maximum penalty is 5 years imprisonment, but commonly punishments include
fines, good behaviour and community based orders.
A recent case in Australia was of a man who was stabbed outside a nightclub by a
group of people.
Rape is any introduction of any object into the vagina or anus of another person
without their consent.
To prove rape it must be proven that it was committed without the consent of the
The common defence is that the victim consented to the act, whereas, the accused
would be acquitted.
The punishment for rape is a maximum of 10 years, and if someone has been found
guilty of rape twice, they can be tried for rape with aggravated circumstances
and a maximum of 20 years applies for this crime.
An Australian case that I can remember involved a man who was accused of raping
his wife, and his defence was that she was asking for it.
Kidnapping is the taking away of a person by another or others with intent to
demand payment such as ransom.
It has to be proven that the accused intended to demand something, and that they
took the person against their will.
If the accused has asked for something in return for the person they have
supposedly kidnapped, there isn't any common defences. Otherwise, they could
say the victim consented to go along with them.
The penalty is a maximum of 20 years imprisonment.
A case that I can remember is when a man from some foreign country, came to
Australia and kidnapped his son from his ex-wife's care.
Theft is the dishonest appropriation of property which belongs to another person
with the intention of permanently depriving that other person of his/her
It has to be proven that the accused intentionally took the property, and they
planned to permanently deprive the person of the property.
A defence that could be used is that they intended giving it back, this may work
if the accused knew the person, otherwise, if the accused is found with the
property, they could say they bought it from someone, which they would then be
tried for possession of stolen goods, but it carries a smaller penalty.
The penalty for theft is a maximum of 10 years imprisonment.
Theft is occurring very often, small cases and larger ones. One that I can
recall was a ram raid on a jewellery store in the city earlier this year, where
a group of people rammed a four wheel drive through the front of the store and
proceeded to steal the goods from the store.
Topics Related to Criminal Law Investigation
Rape, Sex crimes, Sexual abuse, Violent crime, Violence, Laws regarding rape, Theft, Consent, Sexual assault, Assault, Murder, Manslaughter in English law
Essays Related to Criminal Law Investigation
African and Native American Slavery African and Native American Slavery Scot Ferguson 11-12-96 period 2 The 1500's, a time of discovery, was when the Europeans came to dominate most of the New World. The Europeans traveled to Africa and captured Africans to help develop their land and satisfy their need for power. I feel that the treatment of the Indians and Africans by the Europeans was completely unjustifiable. While the Indians and Africans were less technologically advanced and the Europeans were uneducated, in this particula
Anxiety And Depression In Afro-Americans Anxiety And Depression In Afro-Americans A major cause of mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety in individuals is stress. Defined stress is an internal response caused by the application of a stressor or anything that requires coping behaviour. For example the pressure of a job, supporting a family or getting an education are stressors that can result in depression and anxiety. Individuals and groups that have numerous resources or other coping mechanisms are better suited for
Proposal for Reparations of African Americans Proposal for Reparations of African Americans Teresa Burk Due to the fact that many African-Americans cannot trace their genealogy back more than three generations, It would be extremely difficult to distinguish between those who are descended from Freemen and those descended from Slaves. Therefore, although it should have some impact on reparations, we must take into account those who cannot trace their genealogy( approximately 3/4th of African- Americans). We also must remember that in essenc
Time to Kill Time to Kill Racism and Justice collide when the life of a ten-year-old black girl, Tonya Hailey, is shattered by two drunken and remorseless young white men , as they brutally beat and rape her. In John Grisham’s novel rape, racism, and justice all prevail throughout the story A Time to Kill. Carl Lee Hailey, the father of the ten-year-old child takes justice into his own hands by murdering his daughters assailants. As his young defense attorney struggles with the law to save his clients life,
The Modern KKK The Modern KKK Although the modern Ku Klux Klan, or KKK, is not the same group that terrorized African - Americans in the late 1800s and early 1900s, they still have the same basic goals and ideas. There are many local and regional KKK groups such as the Oregon Knights of the Ku Klux Klan and the New Order Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan is the national and largest organization, but the only one seeking a political agenda. They are the group that claims they are kee
Christopher ColumbusChristopher Columbus In 1451, a boy named Christopher Columbus (See Appendix A), who was born in Genoa, became a sailor and discoverer of a new continent. He spoke Castilian with a little Portuguese. Although he received little education, he worked with his father, who was a weaver and had a wine shop. During Columbus' youth, he sailed in between his looming duties, shipping and receiving wool and wine for his father. When Columbus was in his twenties, he joined other exporting fleets, traveling
Maya AngelouMaya Angelou A poet, an author, a play-write, an actress, a mother, a civil-rights activists, historian and most important a survivor. Perhaps Maya Angelou, award winning author of many books is one of the most influential African Americans in American history. I believe that she rates at the top of the list of American authors, with Hemingway, Hawthorne, and Voight. I believe through my research and reading of Maya Angelou that she should be among the members of The American Authors Hall of Fam
General Purpose- to persuade General Purpose- to persuade Specific Idea- My audience will be persuaded to think that child abuse is a serious problem. Central Idea- I plan to talk about the alarming numbers of child abuse, the causes, and the signs and symptoms, and some solutions we can use. Introduction I. As you hear this, one little girl is crying out in pain, one little boy is begging not to be touched there anymore. II. I am a strong opponent of child abuse. I believe that it is wrong and I have read and did research
Crime and PunishmentCrime and Punishment Kenneth Pang 1/4/96 Ever since the beginning of modern society, crime and punishment have been linked together. Depend on the seriousness of the crime, those who break the laws are punished accordingly. As the amount of homicide increased in the passed several years, people are demanding tougher punishments for more murder. Among them, the most supported one was the reapplying of execution as a mean of punishment. This notion could help decrease the number of killing, howeve
Young OffendersYoung Offenders These days more and more young people are turning to crimes. These crimes are being committed by young offenders of all ages. The crimes they are committing are get even more and more serious and in the last five years the percentage of youngsters committing more crime has increase by more then 50%. Young offenders are committing these crimes because the know that the punishment is real weak. If you ask me most young offenders think the young offenders act is a JOKE, and trust me
EuthanasiaEuthanasia It is conceivable, that life can deteriorate to the point where persons lose their dignity and self-respect and are unable to communicate; life in such a form no longer meets meets the basic criteria of human-ness. (O'Keefe, A1) Under these circumstances only should Euthanasia be practiced and then only passively (pulling the plug”). “Dutch Death, Euthanasia, doctor assisted suicide, whatever you want to call it, it should not be legalized. People should live their lives for as lo
Freedom through ChristianityFreedom through Christianity What do people look for in religion? Do they look for guidance, beliefs, reason, or do they look for help? African-Americans have looked for all of these for many years. They found all of these in Christianity. Christians believe in one God who they worship, trust, and look up to. Since Christianity was first intorduced in the early Colonial Period, African-Americans have used their Christian beliefs to fight horrible things that have gone on in America such as slave
An Analysis of White Butterfly An Analysis of White Butterfly In all of his books, Walter Mosley captures the environment and personalities of African Americans throughout post WWII history. His first book A Devil in a Blue Dress was met with instant acclaim. In this book he introduced one of the most unique sleuths that the literary world had seen. This 20th century Sherlock's name is Easy Rawlins. In each Easy Rawlins mystery, Mosley brings out a certain aspect of his protagonist's life and uses it as a subplot. In his thi
Nastiness on the Net Nastiness on the Net Pornography is a serious problem that faces America’s people today. A problem that jeopardizes our nation’s moral and ethical values and is easily accessible for children and adults alike. Often times the young people accessing such websites in cyberspace aren’t even old enough to understand the complete meaning of human sexuality. More often, the adults accessing these websites, who do have a common understanding of sexuality, begin to obtain distorted views of normal sexu
The Reign of Terror The Reign of Terror History is said to be written by the winners, but is it possible to rewrite history? In a way, the French, like many who have preceded them, and many who will proceed them have done the impossible, rewriting history. From trivial folklore, such as George Washington chopping down a cherry tree, to the incredibly wrong, the African slave trade; people's views of history can be shaped and molded. The French have done a superb job of instilling all of us with the concept that th
DistructionDistruction Home Submit and Request Essays Link Help Contact Us THE DESTRUCTION OF MAN KIND We know there will be problems in environmental terms, many serious problems, but it is a matter of economics. There won't be any complete disaster, and what we cannot solve, well, that's the price we have to pay. - Eduardo Albuquerque Barbosa There is a constant war that is being fought in the rainforests of South America. The death toll is one that far surpasses any other war in history. Vietnam and W
To Kill A Mockingbird To Kill A Mockingbird The book To Kill a Mockingbird was written by Harper Lee. It was published in 1960 then it went on to win the Pulitzer prize in 1961 and was later made into an Academy Award winning film. Harper Lee always considered her book to be a simple love story. Today it is regarded as a masterpiece of American Literature. There are so many characters in this book that I can't name all of them. Here are most of the characters. The Finch family contains of Atticus (The head of the ho
Charles Manson He and his cult The Family together killed Charles Manson. He and his cult, The Family, together killed seven people, bloodied and butchered. The people who he and others killed, the Tate and LaBianca families, were wealthy and well-off. What could have made them do such a thing without pity or remorse? Read on........ MANSON: The Man Himself In 1954, Manson set up a commune-based cult, drawing in hippies, drifters. and the unemployed at the Spahn Ranch, near Los Angeles. Manson had lovely ideas and his followers or Family r
Hiring Minorities Hiring Minorities In recent years preferential hiring has become an issue of great interest. Preferential hiring, which was devised to create harmony between the different races and sexes, has divided the lines even more. Supporters on both sides seem fixed in their positions and often refuse to listen to the other group’s platform. In this essay, the recipients of preferential hiring will be either black or female, and the position in question will be a professorship on the university level. T
Odysseus Is Not A Hero Odysseus Is Not A Hero A hero is a man noted for his special achievements according to the dictionary, but if you ask most people what a hero is, you will get the same general response. They will probably say someone who does something for other people out of the goodness of his heart. Odysseus, who is the main character of the book The Odyssey written by Homer, would fit the dictionary's definition of a hero; but if you go deeper, looking at what people feel a hero is, he doesn't even co
Cook 1 Cook 1 Research Paper T. S. Eliot Robin Cook World Lit II Professor Wong January 27, 1997 T. S. Eliot, perhaps one of the most controversial poets of modern times, wrote what many critics consider the most controversial poem of all, The Waste Land. The Waste Land was written using a fragmented style. This is a style that is evident in all of Eliot’s writings. There are several reasons for his using this approach, from a feeling of being isolated, to a problem articulating thoughts (Bergonzi 18,
Where does the story of Sweetheart of the Song Tra Bong take place Upo Where does the story of Sweetheart of the Song Tra Bong take place? Upon reading the story, one would first assume that it takes place in Vietnam. Upon further examination, however, it becomes quite evident that it really takes place inside Rat Kiley's head. This isn't to declare the story false; instead, one should examine the influence and literary freedom that Rat flexes upon the truth. For Rat Kiley… facts were formed by sensation, not the other way around. (101) The story occurs in two s
A Prose Analysis on Sonnet XIX A Prose Analysis on Sonnet XIX John Milton, a poet who was completely blind in 1651 wrote Sonnet XIX in 1652; this sonnet is his response to his loss of sight. The theme of the sonnet is the loss and regain of primacy of experience. Milton offers his philosophical view on animism and God. Furthermore, Sonnet XIX explores Milton's faith and relationship with God. Sonnet XIX suggests that man was created to work and not rest. The supportive details, structure, form, and richness of contex
An Epic Search An Epic Search In the novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God, Zora Neale Hurston shows how the lives of American women changed in the early 20th century. Zora Neale Hurston creates a character in her own likeness in her masterpiece, Their Eyes Were Watching God. By presenting Janie's search for identity, from her childbirth with Nanny to the death of Tea Cake, Hurston shows what a free southern black women might have experienced in the early decades of the century. To the racial ties that would af
The Life and Work of Anthony Burgess The Life and Work of Anthony Burgess Autobiography: Story of one's life, written by oneself.(Halsey 64). Everyone knows what an autobiography is, but not so many people realize that although not all authors write a book that can be called a factual autobiography, many authors frequently allow personal, real life experiences to influence their fictional writings. An excellent example of such an author is Anthony Burgess. Anthony Burgess is recognized today as an English novelist, critic, essay
Capital punishment is what I consider the legal Capital punishment is what I consider , “the legal” punishment of a criminal. Capital punishment has been used as a form of punishment for many years. At modern time, capital punishment is more controlled. Although, when capital punishment is mentioned it brings shivers down the back of most of society. Being it is a factor of death, capital punishment , should not be taken so lightly. The term capital does not represent or signify any ideas in the negative aspect. Capital is defined as first o
PERSUASIVE ESSAY PERSUASIVE ESSAY Capital Punishment should be Abolished Evidence suggests that the death penalty does not deter people from committing crimes. It is a cruel and cold blooded form of punishment and there have been instances where innocent people were sentenced to death and later found to be innocent. The most common methods of execution are hanging and shooting. Countries like the U.S. use electrocution, gas chambers and lethal injections to dispose of the convicted. Some countries, like the U.S
Lago and Stanley are villains in Othello and A Street Car Lago and Stanley are villains in Othello and A Street Car Named Desire. They both plan a tragic scheme to draw the main Characters, Othello and Blanche to their downfall in their plays and they start it by their their hatred. Iago is absolutely inhuman being while Stanley showed his little conscience. They are both the master and are brilliant. Nevertheless Lago seem tp be much smarter than Stanley in comparsion. Iago and Stanley plan a tragic scheme to draw Othello and Blanche to their downf
Show a number of different people a simple piece of paper consisting o Show a number of different people a simple piece of paper consisting of nothing more than a red blotch of paint and ask them what they see. The responses will vary from objects such as a cherry, to more simply, just plain red paint. This is an indication of the individuality, or sum of qualities that characterize and distinguish an individual from all others, instilled in every human being. Just as facial features and hair color differ among individuals, similar distinctiveness is found among p
Fantasy vs Reality Fantasy vs. Reality Sometime in our lives, we have wished for things we don’t have. No matter how hard we wished on the star or a candle, our wishes never seemed to be answered. We have all felt that bitter disappointment on Christmas morning when we finally realized that we were never going to be able to have what we want. This is the same exact feelings that the characters in Cisneros’ The House on Mango Street. Unlike us, the disappointment for these characters last throughout their childhoo
Inform Yes or No Inform: Yes or No? 33-year-old Jesse Timmendequas lured 7-year-old Megan Kanka in to his house in Hamilton Township, NJ. Shortly after, Megan was strangled to death and raped. Jesse was living in a half way house and was on parole after his second sex offense. Mrs. Kanka feels that she as well as the other neighbors should have been notified about the fact that a repeat sex offender was being released back into the public. I tend to disagree strongly. Two-hundred-thousand people also seem to ag
Whenever you are in any educational situation you are subject to persp Whenever you are in any educational situation, you are subject to perspectives and bias of the instructors. In an essay entitled Indians, by Jane Tompkins, it discusses how different biases may reflect upon one's concept of history. It is imperative to realize that when learning, which generally involves someone's concept of history, we are consequently subject to that person's perspectives that may be a result of their upbringing. In the essay Tompkins regarding history, Tompkins says it co
Joseph Andrews Joseph Andrews Joseph Andrews is a novel written in the middle eighteenth century by Henry Fielding. In this novel, Fielding talks of human nature and of the need for control of sexuality. He does not just come right out and say it, but instead expresses his concern through examples of the constant sexual advances through the entire novel, Mr. Wilson’s experiences, and the little self control people have in containing themselves properly. The most obvious example of the advances on Joseph, is m
William Golding the author of Lord of the Flies was born in Great Brit William Golding the author of Lord of the Flies was born in Great Britain in 1911 and throughout almost his entire lifetime, he has lived and witnessed the true evil within all men. During his childhood the first World War beginning in 1914, and was followed many years later by the savagery of World War II. He has seen powerful dictators rise and fall; he has witnessed entire nations crumble, the massive slaughter of the Holocaust come and go, weapons of death destroy entire cities, and he has
Odysseus Is Not A Hero Odysseus Is Not A Hero A hero is ³a man noted for his special achievements² according to the dictionary, but if you ask most people what a hero is, you will get the same general response. They will probably say ³someone who does something for other people out of the goodness of his heart.² Odysseus, who is the main character of the book ³The Odyssey² written by Homer, would fit the dictionary¹s definition of a hero; but if you go deeper, looking at what people feel a hero is, he doesn¹t even co
RED SCARE RED SCARE One evening in 1950 a Houston couple entered a Chinese restaurant. The woman, a radio writer, wanted the proprietor’s help in producing a program on recent Chinese history. Overhearing their conversation, a nearby man rushed out, phoned the police, and informed them that people were talking Communism. The couple was immediately arrested and jailed for 14 hours before the police concluded they had no case. At about the same time a policeman in Wheeling, West Virginia, discovered some
January 21 1994 Shylock-Victim or Villain January 21, 1994 Shylock-Victim or Villain In 1594 the Earl of Essex, an English Nobleman who lived during the Elizabethan period in England, was actively involved in the persecution and trials of Roderigo Lopez. Lopez was a Jew of Portuguese descent, who was wrongly accused of attempting to poison the Queen of England, for reasons never fully explained. Lopez, being the Queen's royal physician, was in no position to defend himself once he was accused. Essex, who provided the evidence also pres
Sinful Acts Sinful Acts In Fire from Heaven, Much Ado About Nothing, and The Flea, the authors take a stance on men and women committing sinful acts and using it as a main position in their work. They write from a very religious perspective which is probably due to the time period in which their work was written about. They develop this idea in very different perspectives to get their point across. They express this position vividly throughout their work. David Underdown didn't live in this time period, bu
I am very educated yet at the same time not too familiar with the prej I am very educated, yet at the same time, not too familiar with the prejudice that takes place in the novel The Color Purple, by Alice Walker. First of all, this book mainly focuses on prejudice toward black women in the early 1900’s. Although blacks were free and women had a little more power than before, the black woman of America were still looked down on as being servants to their black men. Next, the prejudice in this book was mainly caused by history. In the past, blacks were slaves and t
The white-haired doctor with the blood-stained coat and pants smiled m The white-haired doctor with the blood-stained coat and pants smiled maliciously as he brought the razor to his waiting patient's face. Now please answer me honestly this time, Mr. Beckett, he said. I have been in this profession for over thirteen years, and I take pleasure in receiving input from clients. It helps me to know what hurts and what does not. Kind of keeps me ahead of the competition, I guess you could say. His patient nodded solemn acquiescence, shutting his eyes hard and biti
In August of 1990 Iraq started its long and vicious attack on Kuwait l In August of 1990 Iraq started its long and vicious attack on Kuwait leaving thousands dead from their torturous reign as Kuwait’s dictator. Kuwait, as defenseless as it was, had no chance against Iraq’s small but mighty forces. It took a collection of United State’s, Britain’s, and France’s elite to put an end to Iraq’s torment on the small country. The torture and torment inflicted upon Kuwaitis during Iraq’s occupation of Kuwait however, has many more reasons than first appears. Iraq’s occu
In the stories read concerning India and South America women play impo In the stories read concerning India and South America, women play important roles. Some are not so tasteful while others portray them as strong and independent. In each story, woman are allowed to express themselves quite differently. They lead a life that dos not parallel ours but hopefully one day will. Women in India occupy a paradoxical status. On one hand, there is an abundance of goddesses occupying pivotal places in Indian mythology. On the other hand, there are inhuman Atraditions@ pil
Many criminals today serve their time in prison and are then set free Many criminals today serve their time in prison and are then set free. Most of them go on to commit other crimes, without learning the lesson their punishment was meant to teach. the worst punishment possible is torture and to live with ones own guilt. In The Scarlet Letter, Hester Prynne is punished by having to stnd on a scaffold for three hours and having to wear a scarlet letter on her breast. After a while she feels no guilt and goes on about her life. People in the community forget about
Many people who dream do not understand why they dream or what their d Many people who dream do not understand why they dream or what their dreams mean. I can still remember one particular dream I had as a young child that still puzzles me. I was in my backyard on my tire swing spinning and swinging around. As I was swinging the door on my dad’s tool shed started to open up. I then saw things that could only be described as humanoid aliens. They then stepped out, captured me, and took me into the tool shed. The tool shed must have really been a space ship from wha
To Kill A Mockingbird To Kill A Mockingbird Report by Patrick Tansey This is a book about a man named Atticus Finch, his children and the people of his town. This story takes place in a place called Maycomb County in the state of Alabama. The time is in the 1940's and '50's. The story starts out with a girl, Scout telling the story of something as an adult. She starts out talking about the summers that she remembers most. It was when her brother, Jem had and she had experienced the most memorable years of their li
Guilty verdict has been reached in the trial of Tom Robinson A jury Guilty verdict has been reached in the trial of Tom Robinson. A jury of twelve whites has reached a verdict that Tom Robinson, a black male, raped Mayella Ewell, a white woman. The rendition of this verdict has brought to a close a trial that has captured the news and stirred the emotions of this town for several months. It somehow seems fitting that this trial, for a most horrible crime, began during the winter months when all of nature is dead, and has ended with the beginning of Spring whe
Trainspotting Trainspotting A Novel By Irvine Welsh Trainspotting is a captivating story of the random events that occur during a critical time in a group of Scottish junkies¹ lives. Irvine Welsh illustrates the confusion, anger and turmoil many heroin addicts are subjected to and what happens once they try to quit. The story is centered around Mark Renton, an ordinary twenty-two year old who was raised by a loving mother and father. He has two brothers: one was catatonic and the other was an overachiever. T
History is said to be written by the winners but is it possible to rew History is said to be written by the winners, but is it possible to rewrite history? In a way, the French, like many who have preceded them, and many who will proceed them have done the impossible, rewriting history. From trivial folklore, such as George Washington chopping down a cherry tree, to the incredibly wrong, the African slave trade; people’s views of history can be shaped and molded. The French have done a superb job of instilling all of us with the concept that their Revolution was a
Outline Outline Thesis: Handguns should be outlawed with the exception of law enforcement purposes. I. Why Not Real Gun Control? A. Handguns are too easily accessible to America's youth. II. Kids: A Deadly Force. A. Kids are killing each other all across America. III. A Look At The Brady Bill IV. The Economics of Crime. A. Americans are spending too much money each year to protect themselves. V. Charts and Figures. A. Where Americans are spending all their money on protection. Handgun Control in the Un
Kenneth Pang Kenneth Pang 1/4/96 CRIME AND PUNISHMENT Ever since the beginning of modern society, crime and punishment have been linked together. Depend on the seriousness of the crime, those who break the laws are punished accordingly. As the amount of homicide increased in the passed several years, people are demanding tougher punishments for more murder. Among them, the most supported one was the reapplying of execution as a mean of punishment. This notion could help decrease the number of killing, howev