CONSTRUCTION OF THE TITANIC

The Titanic was built in North Ireland, Belfast in 1912 at Harland and Wolff.
The dimensions of the ship was 883 feet in length and 92 1/2 in beam. It weighted
45,000 tons. The competitors to the Titanic were the Lusitania and Mauretania they
were 90 feet shorter and 4 feet narrower, and 14,000 tons lighter.
The Titanic was laid down on March 31, 1909. The frame was up by 1910 and
was launched on May 31, 1911. The work on the Titanic was mostly made by 200
tons floating cranes. The rudders weighted 20,250 pounds. The anchors were as tall
as a house, and the links on the chain were taller than a man. There where three
million rivets driven into the Titanic, at the rate of 200 per day. The working crew had
four men working from 6:00 am to 5:30 p.m..
The hulls of it were made of inch-thick steel plates. Each hull had eight decks.
Below the decks were the boiler and holds room. It had a double bottom. then the
hull was divided into sixteen water tight rooms made of 15 1/2 inch thick bulkheads. It
had cylinder doors that were used for closing the rooms from incoming water. It was
designed to remain afloat with two rooms flooded. Since the worst collision on the
side would damage only two rooms so the Titanic was practically unsinkable.
In 1909 Harland and Wolff made up a design of a three-prop engine. The
engines were run by twenty-nine huge boilers. That had one hundred and fifty-nine
furnaces that made the steam to run the Titanic. At a comfortable speed at twenty-one
knots.
The Titanic held twenty lifeboats in all, sixteen regular wooden lifeboats and
four collapsible. A damaged ship was supposed to stay afloat for hours or even days
after being hit. The Republic was involved in collision in January 23, 1909 of
Nantucket while on a route to New York. All passengers were rescued before it sunk,
about 38 hours later.
Alexander Carlisle, manager of Harland and Wolff until 1910, had sixty-four
lifeboats at first. Then they lowered it to thirty-two after his retirement. While Star
rejected the idea, and stayed with the requirement that ships over 10,000 tons should
have sixteen lifeboats on a ship.



PASSENGER
ACCOMMODATION

The Titanic was designed to hold 2345 passengers and a crew of about 860.
The passengers were divided between 689 first class, 674 second class and 1026 third
class.
The first class stayed in the whole of the ship. This place was designed to look
as little as possible as a ship. These first class rooms included dining salon, reception
room, smoking room and palm courts. Other great features were the gymnasium,
squash court, electric baths and swimming bath, barber shop, dark room for
photographers, dressing rooms, library, telephone system. The ships rooms were made
to fit the best hotel rooms ashore.
They had a dining saloon that served five hundred passengers a sitting. At 114
feet in length and 92 feet in width. The first class passengers could eat in another
place if they didnít want to eat with the rest of the people. They could eat on the
Bridge Deck where they would eat a la carte.
The Titanic also had walking places. This was an open area where people could
walk to observe the ship and look out into the sea.
The second class was put to the back of the ship, and was arranger over seven
decks linked by a big stairway like the first class. The second class has its own dining
saloon, smoking room, library, and ladies room. Not known to most passengers was
that the first and second class saloons shared same galley. The saloon was 71 feet
long, paneled with oak. This is were the passengers ate, at long tables the norm for the
period when at sea. They had an excersize walkway 145 feet in length.
The third class passengers has a small walking area at the rear of the ship.
They ate in the galley that fit 1,000 passengers. This was smaller than the cooling
room for the first class passengers. They also had a dining saloon, which was very
plain. They were put in the least wanted parts of the ship, in the lower decks.

THE SHIPS COMPLEMENT


The Titanic held many wealthy people. Some of the people include:
Colonel Astor was the richest man aboard. He was at the head of every list. He was
forty-seven years old and was worth about one hundred and fifty