Constitution Of The United States Of America


Constitution

of The United States of

America







Preamble



The Constitution consists of a preamble, 7 articles , and 27 amendments. The first part of the constitution is the Preamble. The Preamble explains the purpose for writing the Constitution and the main ideas to be carried out by the government and the people in order to make a more perfect union. Each purpose of the preamble had a special meaning to statesmen in seventeen eighty nine. The purpose was one, to form a more perfect union of people living together. Two, to establish justice for creditors by given them the right to take away the possessions of people who don't compensate them. Three, to ensure domestic tranquillity, or prevent events such as Shays Rebellion. Four, to provide common defense or to protect the nation from adversaries such Indians and the pirates. Five, to promote general welfare, which relates to the depression the country was in economically (by the way our nations economy is called Capitalism). And lastly six , to secure the blessing of liberty by enforcing the idea of freedom in every way possible.



The Seven Articles



Article One describes The Legislative Department. Section one states that the congress is based on a two house, or a bicameral system. This type of congress has two legislatures - The House of Representatives and The Senate.

Sec.1 - The House of Representatives. The main idea is that all house members are elected for a two year term in their office. It also states the qualifications of a representative, or what you have to have or be to become a representative. A person must be twenty-five years of age and have lived in the united states for seven years, therefore making the person a citizen of our country. The person also must, if running for a position in government in a certain state, be an inhabitant of the state the person is running in. For instance if you were an inhabitant living in California you wouldn't be able to run for governor of Oregon because you wouldn't have the same perception of issues or most likely anything than an Oregonian. Plus Californians aren't that welcome here anyway.

Sec.2 - The House Membership is based on state population. The number of representatives is now 435 and goes up with the increase in population. So, if Florida gains another 50,000 Cubans, they will assign another 3 or 4 representatives to stand for them. The speaker is the most powerful person in this government body. He is either a Democrat or a Republican, depending on which holds the majority of seats in the house. To explain say that 70 percent of the House was Democratic, since it is the majority, the speaker will be a Democrat. The House also has the soul power of impeachment, or to put the president on trial and try to threaten or get rid of him.

Sec.3 - The Senate. This section lists the number of Senators, elections, and terms in office. There are two Senators from each state and each one is entitled to a six year term. Each Senator has one vote. One third of the Senate is chosen every two years.

In order to become a Senator, you must meet the following qualifications. You must be at least 30 years of age and have been a citizen of the united states for two years.

The Vice-president presides over the Senate and can only vote in the event that the senate's votes tie.

The Senate acts as the jury for an impeachment, but it takes more than two thirds vote to remove the President. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presides over the trial.

Sec. 4 - Election and Meeting of the Congress. Congress must meet once each year. This was to prevent congress from not meeting as happened in England for 175 years.

Sec.5 - Organization and Rules of each House. A two thirds majority members vote is required in a house to expel a member. Once a session of congress has begun the meeting site may not be changed, to prevent lack of one-sided votes due to the opposition's confusion of the area and not being able to find the meeting place.