Comparing and Contrasting Documents Essay
World History, Per. 1


Many countries have created documents that serve the same purpose as the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. There are two examples of such documents one is France’s The Rights of Man, and the other is the United Nation’s The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. These are all living documents that set limits on the government in the countries they represent. These documents are very similar in the sense that they were written off one another, although, they do have some very important differences.


One very important thing that is stated in all documents is the thought that God created all men equal. According to The Declaration of Independence, paragraph 2: …all men are created equal, they are endowed by their creator… According to The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 1: All human Beings are born free and equal indignity and rights… According to The Rights of Man, article 1: …in the presence and with the support of the Supreme Being, the following rights of man and citizen. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. This is a very important idea stated in all documents. It ensures that no man will be treated differently for any reason. This is a good topic to state in all living documents.


Another very important idea stated in all of these living documents are the unalienable rights. These are rights humans are born with, that can never be taken from them. According to The Declaration of Independence, second paragraph: certain undeniable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit if happiness. According to The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 3: Everyone has the right to life, liberty, and the security of person. According to The Rights of Man, article 2: natural and inalienable rights of man; liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression. These undeniable rights are necessary for humans to exist, and will never be taken away by any document.


Citizen’s right to property is a sacred right. All documents ensure this. It is very important that property will not be taken without a probable cause because it is how humans pursuit happiness. According to The constitution, fifth amendment: Government may take private property for legitimate public purposes only (Eminent Domain). According to The Rights of Man, article 17: Since property is a sacred right, no one may be deprived of it unless public necessity obviously requires it. According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 17, part 2: No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property. If people knew that their property, and therefore their happiness, could be taken from them for no particular reason, nobody would want to live there. This is why all of these countries decided to make a clear note of that idea in their living documents.


One very important difference between the United State’s Documents, and France’s and United Nation’s documents is that the citizens of the United States are guaranteed a Bill of Rights. The other countries are not guaranteed certain rights, and therefore it is up for their government to decide. America’s government is limited in many more ways then France’s and United Nation’s , and this is what makes the countries so different.


A main difference between the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Constitution are in some freedoms American citizens are Guaranteed. According to The Rights of Man, article Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 16, part 1: Men and women of full age, without any limitations due to Race or religion, have the right… The Constitution’s Bill of Rights guarantees all citizens freedom from religion and racism. This is a big difference between the United States, and the United Nation’s governments.


There is a main difference in the way The Rights of Man and the Constitution set up their governments. According to The Rights of Man, article 3: The source of all Power exists essentially in the nation, but According to The Declaration of Independence, paragraph 2: The government will provide for the common good …It is the rights and duties of the American people to institute a new government whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends. This shows that France’s Government has