Commonly Prescribed Drugs

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ContentsAcknowledgementsThe EditorsThe ContributorsForewordCh 1 - How to

Get the Care You NeedCh 2 - Meeting the Heatch Care Needs of the Aged

and DisabledCh 3 - Medical Decision Making: Ethical ConsiderationsCh 4 -

The Fundamentals of Good HealthCh 5 - The Basics of Good NutritionCh 6 -

Smoking, Alcohol, and Substance AbuseCh 7 - Health Concerns During

Infancy and ChildhoodCh 8 - The Adolescent YearsCh 9 - Special Health

Concerns of WomenCh 10 - Health Concerns of MenCh 11 - Symptoms and the

Diagnostic ProcessCh 12 - Diagnostic Tests and ProceduresCh 13 - Basics

of CPR and Life SupportCh 14 - Common First-Aid ProceduresCh 15 - The

Basics of SafetyCh 16 - Heart And Blood Vessel DiseasesCh 17 - CancerCh

18 - Infectious DiseaseCh 19 - HIV Infection and AIDSCh 20 - Respiratory

Diseases and Lung HealthCh 21 - Diabetes and Other Endocrine DiseasesCh

22 - Disorders of the Digestive SystemCh 23 - Blood DisordersCh 24 -

Disorders of the Musculoskeletal SystemsCh 25 - ArthritisCh 26 - Brain,

Nerve and Muscular DisordersCh 27 - Kidney and Urinary Track DisordersCh

28 - Skin DiseasesCh 29 - AllergiesCh 30 - The EyesCh 31 - Diseases of

the Ear, Nose and ThroatCh 32 - Maintaining Oral HealthCh 33 - Mental

and Emotional HealthCh 34 - Proper Use of MedicationsAppendixesA

Commonly Prescribed DrugsB Directory of Health Organizations and

ResourcesC Directory of Regional Poison Control CentersD Family Medical

Records (PDF Format)

Appendix A



Generic (Brand Names)Common Side EffectsDrug InteractionsPrecautions



(aspirin-free Anacin, Bufferin AF, Excedrin, Feverall, Liquiprin, Midol,

Panadol, Percogesic, Phenaphen, aspirin-free St. Joseph, Tempra, Tylenol)

OTC Heavy drinking of alcohol may increase risk of liver damage.Not

recommended for use for more than 3 days for fever or 10 days for pain.

Overdose can cause liver failure; prolonged use can damage kidneys.

aspirin (Anacin, Ascriptin, Bayer, Bufferin, Empirin, St. Joseph) OTC

(Easprin) RxNausea/vomiting; indigestion; possible GI bleeding.May

increase effect of anticoagulants and oral antidiabetic agents. May

decrease effect of gout medications (especially allopurinol). Use with

NSAIDs, cortico-steroids, or alcohol increases risk of stomach irri

tation.Taking high doses during pregnancy may lead to birth defects. Taken

near term may delay labor. Breast-feeding not recommended. Prolonged use

can cause stomach bleeding and stomach ulcers.


butalbital, aspirin + caffeine (Fiorinal) C-III butalbital, acetaminophen

+ caffeine

(Esgie, Fioricet)Dizziness/light-headedness; intoxicated feeling;

drowsiness; nausea; abdominal painCNS depressants (i.e., narcotics,

tranquilizers, antianxiety) increase CNS depression. Use with MAO

inhibitors increases risk of CNS depression and may increase blood

pressure. Use with anticoagulants increases risk of bleeding. Us e with

oral antidiabetics/insulin

Increases risk of hypoglycemia. Use with NSAIDs increases risk of stomach

ulcer and stomach bleeding. Decreases effectiveness of gout medications

(i.e., probenecid,sulfinpyrazone).Use caution in elderly and if have head

injury, peptic ulcer, or liver/ kidney impairment. Use not recommended in

child less than 12 or when breast-feeding. Avoid driving or any other

activity requiring mental alertness or physical coordination. Drug d

ependence may


hydrocodone + ace-taminophen (Anexsia, Hydrocet, HyPhen, Lortab, Vicodin,

Zydone) C-III codeine + acetaminophen C-III, hydrocodone + aspirin

(Azdone, Lortab ASA) C-IIINausea/vomiting; light-headedness/dizziness;

sedation/drowsinessCNS depressants (other narcotics, sedatives, hypnotics,

antianxiety, antidepressants) and MAO inhibitors increase CNS depression.

Antinauseants alter hydrocodone\'s effect. Anticholinergic agents increase

risk of bowel disord ers. Avoid alcohol.Should not be used during

pregnancy or while breast-feeding. Use caution if elderly, have pulmonary

disease, liver/kidney impairment, hypothyroidism, Addison\'s disease, or

enlarged prostate. Drug dependence may develop. Avoid driving and other

potentia lly hazardous activities, as mental alertness and physical

coordination may be impaired.


Generic (Brand Names)Common Side EffectsDrug InteractionsPrecautions

oxycodone + ace-taminophen (Percocet, Roxicet, Roxicodone, Tylox) C-II

oxycodone + aspirin (Percodan)Light-headedness; dizziness; sedation;

nausea/vomitingCNS depressants increase CNS depression. Oxycodone

increases effect of tricyclic antidepressants and MAO inhibitors. Use with

anticholinergic agents increases risk of bowel obstruction. Avoid

alcohol.Use caution if elderly and if have severe kidney/liver impairment,

head injury, hypothyroidism, Addison\'s disease, or enlarged prostate. Not

for use in child under 6; use caution in child 6 or older. Drug dependence

may develop. Avoid driving and other potentially hazardous activities, as

mental alertness and physical coordination may be impaired.

propoxyphene (Darvocet-N, Darvon, Dolene, Doxaphene, Wygesic)

C-IVDizziness/drowsiness; nausea/vomiting; intoxicated feelingTricyclic

antidepressants, barbiturates, other CNS depressants, oral anticoagulants,