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12 University English
10 February 2004
Cloning should be (encouraged? permitted? discouraged?)
There are many questions and concerns sparked as a result to the consideration of cloning. Many hear the topic and automatically think it wrong due to their high values in morality. But really, who is to say that cloning is in fact morally wrong? The answer to this would tend to vary due to the logical fact that every individual has their own opinion. A clone is defined as;
a cell, group of cells, or organism[s] that are
descended from and genetically identical to a single
common ancestor, such as a bacterial colony whose
members arose from a single original cell. (dictionary.com)
This definition thus questions what it is that all the extremist skeptics of cloning could be objecting. If scientists could somehow harness the ability to synthetically correct any deficiencies that commonly accompany cloned animals, breeding of all species would become more efficient. There are countless benefits that could be contributed to the medical field through various ways of genetic reproduction. Cloning should be permitted, under the premise that it be accompanied by serious limitations and restrictions.
There are many arguments that are in support of cloning on both sides of the spectrum. There are numerous organizations, such as the UN, that have previously attempted, and continue to strive for, a universal compliance on the complete ban of cloning. The governments in the United States as well as 43 other countries, has agreed to put a “blanket ban on both reproductive and therapeutic cloning.” (Biever) This statement meaning that the topic of cloning would thus become fully illegal and un-open for any type of negotiation or discussion. This would not be the smartest decision that the United States could attempt to enforce. Due to the fact that there hasn’t been time for legitimate research or consideration in all fields of cloning, the idea of banning it does not seem logical. Already in the field of therapeutic cloning, it is said that the treatment of “everything from heart disease to Parkinson’s” is on the verge of being achievable. (“Major Breakthrough…”) It is only due to non-existent laws, stating how far cloning can persist that this medical wonder cannot be fulfilled.
It is a common side effect of the majority of all cloned animals, to either die son after birth, or live with severe complications. The highly controversial cloning of the first adult mammal, widely known as Dolly the sheep, was visually normal at birth, but died 5 years after birth due to suspected premature ageing.
Baring in mind the sincerity of these side effects, it is only in a select few that have been affected. These abnormalities have been enough to influence the proper authorities that the cloning of humans should not be successfully approved.
Aside form the above mentioned negative aspects of animal cloning, the practice known as xenotransplantation. Perhaps this method would be better understood when defined as the transplantation of living cells, tissues and organs from one species to another species. (“Xenotransplant…”) If legalized, this practice would allow for the reproduction of human organs inside of a completely different mammal that could be used for a variety of specialized transplants of which there is limited donors. Wouldn’t the vast majority of people enjoy the security of knowing that if an accident ever occurred, there would be no question as to whether or not they would receive proper treatment. In theory, this aspect would not have to come to mind if scientists were permitted to experiment with xenotransplantaion.
The total abolishment of cloning before any significant benefits can be determined would prove not to be logical on behalf of everybody. In order to discover all horizons of genetically reproducing an organism, the government must first allow a select few specialized scientists to conduct strictly monitored experiments. To this date, there are still a significant number of astounding advancements that could be obtained with the strict legalization of cloning. Scientists have not even begun to scratch the surface of this astounding revolutionary capability.
“Major Breakthrough In Disease Treatment Via Stem Cells
Claimed” [Online]. Available.
Philipkoski, Kristin. “Cloning Remains a Meaty Issue.”
---. “Cloning Remains a Meaty Issue.” [Online] Available.
Smith, Simon. “The Benefits
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Cloning, Molecular biology, Genetics, Asexual reproduction, Molecular cloning, Clone, Human cloning, Somatic cell nuclear transfer
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