China


The history of China is embeded with revolution and tension dating back
to the feudal periods and the " first unified Chinese empire under Qi Shi Huang
Di in 221 B.C. " The Confucianism ideology entrenched in the minds of the
Chinese people with its conservative base and the need to achieve harmony in
society has yet to be reached and most likely, never will. The proletariat is
at the heart of the Marxist-Maoist approach to politics and the basic way of
life for the Chinese masses considering that "...roughly 85% of the population
is based in peasantry..." While Marxism, as implemented by the Chinese
Communist Party (CCP) and Nationalism have historically hindered the people of
China; a growing need to conform to capitilism is plainly obvious if there will
ever be success in the global market.
The Marxist theory is based on a classless society where the proletariat
or working class is given the opportunity to exist on an equal social level with
the remainder of the people while given a form of leadership of its own for the
first time. The dictatorship of the proletariat in communist China called the "
peoples democratic dictatorship " is considered by the Chinese Communist Party
to be truly democratic, since it is the dictatorship of the vast majority, the ‘
people' over a tiny minority of reactionaries. The Chinese Communist Party
formed in 1921 is founded upon strict Marxist beliefs that coincide with ideas
expressed in the Communist Manifesto.

" The CCP has, as it's mission the creation
of a stateless classless society. Because the
dictatorship of the proletariat must be led by
the party of the proletariat, the CCP by virtue
of being the vanguard of the working class, and
because of its knowledge of Marxism-Leninism
and its organizatioal capacities, is best able to
understand and realize the interests of all people."

The Communist Manifesto described the " conquest of political power by the
proletariat " as the objective of the Communist. " The fundamentals of the CCP
were originally based on extreme ‘leftist' views that centered around the
proletariat. The party would virtually work for the victory of socialism in
China while at the same time, looking to dismiss capitalism.
Mao Zedong, one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921
had views on the need to switch from an orthodox Marxist strategy which called
for the party to seek roots among the urban working class, to a rural strategy
centered on the exploited peasants, was interrupted by the leadership CCP and
its sponsors in Moscow.
The Chinese Communist Party was by no means a military power and it was
unable to sustain itself and flourish in the Nationalist-controlled cities. The
Kuomintang, a nationalist party was set out to unify China under one central
government. The KMT had in its possession adequate means to quash the
idealistic CCP and did so on a number of occasions. Some of which led to
rebellions such as the Long March led by Mao Tse-tung.
China, over history has experienced phases of both Nationalism and
Sinocentrism, both of which can be damaging to a developing country attempting
to compete economically in the global market. These ideas can relate back to
the ancient religion of confucianism. " Confucianism has been instramental in
the shaping of China's leadership. Not only does it emphasize a rigid hierarchy
kept in place by virtuous behavior. But it also holds that strict adherence to
proper behavior actually leads to correct thinking. " Accompanying Nationalism
and Sinocentrism was rebellion and unrest. Twenty-four historic dynasties
followed a common pattern of development. At the beginning of a new dynasty, a
period of national unity under virtuous and benevolent rule flourished and
usually was accompanied by intellectual excitement. A Mid-Cycle did exist where
a period of mediocre rule was present, implying corruption and unrest followed
by an End-Cycle, or natural disaster where the the ruler was unable to provide
workable remedies. Rebellion or invasion would insue sending the country
spiralling. The Sinocentric and Nationalist approach China maintained during
the Industrial Revolution resulted in the innablity to reap its benefits at an
early stage. The Sinocentric world view the government applied not only
hindered the success the Industrial Revolution had to offer, it also blinded its
own views of the growing powers in the West. " China had once considered itself
the center of the world and in it's long history....Since the Opium War in 1840,
however, China was increasigly forced to retreat by the superiority of the
Western powers. " Sinocentrism and Nationalism are issues in Chinam that have
historically had disasterous affects on the country at the