Child Development

Dana Wack
Questions pg. 337 357 375

Pg. 337
1. The body becomes straighter and slimmer. The protruding abdomen of babyhood flattens. The shoulders widen and are held more erect. The chest broadens and flattens.
2. First molars- they act as a lock to keep all teeth in position.
3. Skill use of the hands and fingers- build towers and buildings with blocks, lace their own shoes, and pour liquids from a pitcher into a glass.
4. Because it sets the child\'s eating habits for life.
5. Children have less resistance to colds and infections. They also may find learning more difficult.
6. Parents have a chance to spend time with child, improve eating habits, and help he child become more self-sufficient. Child is usually more willing to try new foods.
7. Make sure they clean up after themselves, let them pick out their own clothes, let them know that they need to be careful of dress clothes.
8. The need for a feeling of "belonging". Let children pick out their own clothes.
9. A lack of bladder control. Physical- children sleep too soundly, an underdeveloped bladder. Psychological- jealousy of new baby, start of school.
10. No, it increases the child\'s anxiety.

Pg. 357
1. It takes children away from their comfortable familiarity of their home and into a world or strangers. Children must assume the responsibilities of childhood and leave babyhood behind.
2. They have difficulty separating fact from fantasy.
3. Age 6
4. They have well-developed imaginations. They may be afraid of ghosts, the dark, being left alone, robbers, kidnappers, or vampires.
5. By showing favoritism to other children or comparing to other siblings.
6. Give hugs.
7. Advantages- stimulates individual effort, creates interest in finishing a task, and promotes higher standards. Disadvantages- lowers the status of those who lose, points up inadequacy leads to hostile relationships with others.
8. Positive or negative changes in personality can occur.
9. Conscience is an inner sense of right and wrong that prompts good behavior of causes feelings of guilt for bad behavior. They authority or their parents or caregivers.
10. Gradually learning to base one\'s behavior on personal beliefs of right and wrong. Consider the child\'s age and abilities, understand that the process of learning to monitor one\'s own behavior, and don\'t withhold love because of misbehavior.

Pg. 375
1. Using symbols, make-believe play, egocentric viewpoint, and limited focus.
2. A number that tells whether a child shows intelligence that is average, or above or below average for his or her age.
3. It strengthens family bonds.
4. They can make books for their child.
5. Reading, art, and music.
6. A communication problem within the brain that prevents a person from using information received through the senses in normal way for learning.
7. How a child receives information together, how the brain puts such information together, who the information is stored in the brain as memory, and how the information is expressed as writing or spoken language.
8. Constantly active and may seem uncontrollable.
9. It is estimated that 3 to 10 percent of the nation\'s children have an IQ of 130 or above.
10. Not talking enough, language poor, children from families who speak a foreign language at home often experience problems when they begin school, communication problem at school.