This essay Challenger has a total of 4872 words and 21 pages.
It was a cold, crisp, and damp morning on the Florida Space Coast as the space shuttle Challenger raced through the sky at speeds approaching mach 2 at an altitude of 104,000 feet when something went perilously wrong. All of America watched, including the family members of the seven doomed crew members, as Challenger exploded into an expansive ball of fire, smoke and steam. An "Oh. . . no!" came as the crew’s final utterance from the shuttle as the orbiter broke-up. As the reality of what she was seeing became apparent, Pilot Michael John Smith’s daughter, 9 year old Erin Smith, could be heard yelling, "Daddy! Daddy! I want you, Daddy! You promised nothing would happen!" Unfortunately, the events of that tragic day could have been easily prevented. Weather had been the main cause for five delays during the last month. The launch had been carried out in spite on the fact that weather was the worst it had ever been in NASA’s history of manned space flight. With so many !
delays encountered in that twenty-fifth shuttle mission, NASA had become careless in getting Challenger on its way. As Challenger sat on the pad awaiting it’s ill-fated mission, there were signs that there was something wrong with the Right hand SRB (Solid Rocket Booster). Nevertheless these signs were ignored by a neglectful staff whose only concern was scheduling and not safety. Also, at the time of the accident, for purely monetary reasons, the shuttle had not been fitted with a means of escape for the crew in the case of an emergency; a fact not revealed until after the accident. Though the Space shuttle was the cutting edge of technology at the time, new advancements in technology make the Space Shuttle old, unsafe, inefficient, and not cost effective. However, because of cut backs in funding, NASA is unable to make any advancements in it’s technology to prevent another catastrophic accident for the space program. Also as a result of the cut backs, NASA has had tro!
uble keeping the existing space shuttles’ hardware kept up. The effects of the accident were numerous; the space program was shut down for three years. Also the effects on the NASA staff were immense, leaving a feeling of guilt and fear. On January 28, 1986, the space shuttle Challenger and it’s crew embarked on a mission to broaden educational horizons and promote the advancement of scientific knowledge; their mission was cut short in one of the most tragic and most easily prevented tragedies in America’s history in space.
Before the accident, the 51-L (This mission’s assigned number) mission was supposed to be remembered for many reasons. One reason was that this was to be the twenty-fifth space shuttle mission. Another reason was that this was to be the first shuttle launch from pad 39-b which hadn’t been used since the Apollo missions. However, The major reason was this was to be the first crew to include a civilian member. Sharon Chista McAuliffe was chosen from a pool of 11,400 applicants. McAuliffe, 37, was a social studies teacher in Concord High School in New Hampshire. While in space, she planned to still teach two lessons entitled, "Where we’ve been, where we’re going, why?", to her class. Then, at T plus 1:13, the mission and its crew became remembered for other, more disastrous reasons. An O-ring in the right SRB shattered in the extreme cold and began allowing liquid hydrogen to leak then explode incinerating the seven crew members, destroying the valuable payload, and bring!
ing the space program to a halt for nearly three years. America listened a long ten seconds before "…the commentary was resumed in a tense monotone"(Lewis, p21);
" Flight Controllers are looking very carefully at the situation. Obviously a major malfunction. We have no downlink. We have a report from the flight dynamics officer that the vehicle has exploded. The flight director confirms that. We are looking at checking with recovery forces to see what can be done at this point. Contingency procedures are in effect. We will report more as we have information available…"(Lewis, p21)
"Major Malfunction", a phrase that stuck with everyone watching the launch that day. Although later, flight commentator Nesbit would be commended for remaining calm by some people, many people described the
Topics Related to Challenger
Space Shuttle Challenger disaster, Space Shuttle program, Spaceflight, United States, Roger Boisjoly, Space Shuttle Challenger, Space Shuttle, Challenger, Shuttle-C, Human spaceflight, Criticism of the Space Shuttle program
Essays Related to Challenger
ChallengerChallenger It was a cold, crisp, and damp morning on the Florida Space Coast as the spaceshuttleChallenger raced through the sky at speeds approaching mach 2 at an altitude of 104,000 feet when something went perilously wrong. All of America watched, including the family members of the seven doomed crew members, as Challenger exploded into an expansive ball of fire, smoke and steam. An Oh. . . no! came as the crew’s final utterance from the shuttle as the orbiter broke-up. As the reality of
Michael Nostradamus Michael Nostradamus For centuries Nostradamus's prophecies have inspired fear and controversy. His followers say he predicted the French Revolution, the birth and rise of Hitler, and the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Did he, as his believers' claim, predict some of history's most monumental events - from the Great Fire of London to the launch disaster of the spaceshuttleChallenger? Nostradamus was typical of the Renaissance time period. He made many prophecies and was a major contributor
ChallengerChallenger The American spaceshuttle, Challenger, has exploded killing all seven astronauts on board. The five men and two women - including the first civilian in space - were just over a minute into their flight from Cape Canaveral in Florida when the Challenger blew up. The astronauts' families, at the airbase, and millions of Americans witnessed the world's worst spacedisaster live on TV. The danger from falling debris prevented rescue boats reaching the scene for more than an hour. In 25 y
A Night To Remember A Night To Remember By, Walter Lord The new White Star Liner, Titanic, was not only the largest, but also the most glamorous ship in the world. The Titanic’s maiden voyage was set for New York, but unfortunately the ignorance of some of the crew members made the Unsinkable ship test its capabilities against huge icebergs. Only 705 survivors were picked up by her twenty lifeboats from the originally 2,207 passengers on board. This terrible disaster not only stayed in peoples minds throughout t
The space age has brought about many human achievements The The space age has brought about many human achievements. The space industry has been an important part of 20th century Florida because it has brought technology and jobs to Florida. Space exploration dates back to Jules Vernes' book, From the Earth to the Moon, in which Florida is the launch site for a lunar exploration mission. The 'Space Race' started on October 4, 1957 when the Soviet Union launched the first man made satellite, Sputnik Zemli. Its name, roughly translated, means traveling
Challenger STS-51LChallenger (STS-51L) Theriault 1 NASA has believed that they have harnessed the power of mother nature and because they can get to the moon, they must be able to do nearly everything else as well. On January 28, 1986 mother nature won. In this report you will learn the main cause of the shuttles destruction, other problems regarding the launch, and the bureaucracy which killed seven people. Information about how America reacted to the disaster is also included. Problems on the Pad The shuttle tr
ChallengerChallenger On January 26, 1986, one of the greatest disasters of our time occurred. When Challenger was destroyed many questions were asked about the safety of space missions. Many questions were asked about the credibility of the engineers who designed the air craft. It is now know that crucial information about the faulty O-rings was know to many if not all of the engineers. These engineers had many moral decisions they had to face when the problem was first noticed, which was as early as Nove
Apollo 4Apollo 4 Introduction This paper is going to compare the Apollo 1 and the Challenger disasters. Both space programs were unfortunate disasters, caused by a series of oversights and misjudgments. How did this lost of life occur in such a high tech environment? Apollo 4 On January 27, 1967, the three astronauts of the Apollo 4, were doing a test countdown on the launch pad. Gus Grissom was in charge. His crew were Edward H. White, the first American to walk in space, and Roger B. Chaffee, a naval
The Space ShuttleThe SpaceShuttle The shuttle, a manned, multipurpose, orbital-launch space plane, was designed to carry payloads of up to about 30,000 kg (65,000 lb) and up to seven crew members and passengers. The upper part of the spacecraft, the orbiter stage, had a theoretical lifetime of perhaps 100 missions, and the winged orbiter could make unpowered landings on returning to earth. Because of the shuttle's designed flexibility and its planned use for satellite deployment and the rescue and repair of pre
The Tragic Challenger ExplosionThe Tragic Challenger Explosion The Tragic Challenger Explosion Space Travel. It is a sense of national pride for many Americans. If you ask anyone who was alive at the time, they could probably tell you exactly where they were when they heard that Neil Armstrong was the first person to walk on the Moon. But all of the success in our space programs is overshadowed by tragedy. On January 28, 1986, one of the worst disasters in our space program's history occurred. Many people were watching at the