Casting Shadows
Happiness; is it essential or is it a mere unimportant simplistic virtue in
life’s plans? Does everyone have the right to happiness? It is stated in the
Constitution that we as Americans have the right to life, liberty, and the
PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS. In the novel The Awakening by Kate Chopin the
main Character Edna has the “perfect life”. The sweet loving husband, the cute
children, enormous amounts of money and an extremely large house. Yet with all
of this Edna is partially happy, but is not fulfilled. Since having a rushed
marriage to spite her parents Edna never took time to examine her life to see
what she wanted out of it. Edna late in the marriage wanted the freedom to
explore her mind, find herself and find what this person liked. In the following I
will defend the actions Edna took to find her happiness as irrational as they may

This story took place in the late 1800’s when women’s liberation was never
heard of. In this era women were supposed to find happiness in serving their
husbands and taking care of the children. There were no other options within
the restrictive boundaries of marriage, and divorce was never an alternative.
Women’s lives were austere and self enrichment or self gratification were often
times cast aside relative to the more mundane tasks of daily life. Most women
accepted this but Edna did not. She figured that life was more than constantly
doing for someone else. She wanted time for herself in order to figure out who
she was. Some may see this as selfish but everyone is entitled to “me” time
and space. Although I admit she did not go about it in the best way at times;
Edna still was in going in the right direction.

Edna’s marriage to Leonce Pontellier was to spite her father the Colonel
because Leonce was of a different religious faith. Also, Leonce was unceasingly
devoted to Edna which was something that had never occurred in any other
relationship. Edna, who had not experienced many male relationships before this
was naive when it came to men. This naiveté affected her in such a way that
she neither knew love and it’s limitations nor the experience it took to make it
through a relationship. This showed Edna’s immaturity which was a big issue in
this story. This shown as the woman inside who had been asleep all those years.
Her relationship with Leonce was what she sought to find happiness in.

After six years of marriage to Leonce, Edna felt an ever-growing void in
her life. She gave up all of her responsibilities such as taking care of her
children when they were sick and she never spent time playing with them. This
shows a contrast between her inner self which was “awakening” and her outer
self as a mother and a wife. At first, her character is portrayed as accepting
of the “outer role” in which she has to play. Soon after though she finds out
that she can have fulfillment too. Edna’s “awakening” occurs and she is able to
grow spiritually, intimately and emotionally. Her life is confined as if in a cage.
This confinement is represented by the parrot in the story squaking in French
“Get out!”. He was caged and he was screaming to leave. The same is true of
Edna’s heart. It was screaming for freedom and independence in her
monotonous life. This resulted in her moving into the “pigeon house” that she
purchased, which was a small house she bought around the corner from the
Pontellier’s mansion. There Edna displayed her independence by her lack of
acceptance of the things that Leonce had bought for her and proved to everyone
including herself that no one had to be dependent on what society called the
“moral way of living.”

In the end Edna swims naked into the ocean that was so free and open
freeing herself from societies restrictions. She swam out smoothly and
fearlessly and there she gave up herself to the ocean. Her decision to free
herself of earthly bonds was made with great resolve. Edna had made her
decision. She swam out and made the ultimate sacrifice...... herself. Edna knew
she was born in the right place at the wrong time and there was nothing this life
had to offer her. There was no room for free thinking women. She had two
choices these being either to live her whole life in misery and hide her spirit and
soul, or to