Camille Shepherd

Mrs. Shepherd

English II

November 21, 2002

Elizabeth I

Elizabeth I by Jacob Abbott is the biographical account of Queen
Elizabeth I. The story follows the birth, childhood, reign, and death of
England\'s beloved Virgin Queen.
King Henry VIII of England is known best for his six wives (three
Catherines, two Annes, and a Jane), the most famous of all being his second
wife, Anne Boleyn. Henry married Anne before his marriage with Catherine of
Aragon, with whom he had one daughter, Mary, was officially annulled. On
September 7, 1533, Anne gave birth to a daughter, Princess Elizabeth.
Though she was spoiled terribly as a baby, Henry was disappointed that she
was not a son. After that, his marriage with Anne quickly went downhill,
and he had a growing interest in the younger and more beautiful Jane
Seymour. In 1536, he falsely accused Anne of committing adultery, and had
her beheaded on May 19. When she was tried, only about half of the king\'s
jury was there, and it is said that he only invited those he knew would not
vote in her favor.
Henry married Jane Seymour on May 30, only eleven days after Anne was
beheaded. On October 12, 1537, Henry finally was given his first son,
Edward. Jane died a few days later. While many parties welcomed Prince
Edward VI, the heir to the throne, four-year-old Elizabeth was left with
only her servants at Hatfield, where she called herself the "forgotten
princess". For years she was exiled there, where she often ran out of food
or had to wear clothes that were too little for her. She was only called to
court two or three times a year. During this time Henry married Anne of
Cleves, the daughter of Germany\'s Duke of Cleves, but had the marriage
annulled after six months saying that it was purely a political match. He
married Catherine Howard, Anne Boleyn\'s first cousin, a few months later.
However, she too was charged with committing adultery and beheaded. In 1543
he married Catherine Parr to whom he was wed until his death on January 28,
At the time of Henry\'s death, Elizabeth was fourteen years old. Her
eleven-year- old brother, Edward, became king and ruled until his death at
the age of 16. Before he died, the Protestant rulers of England convinced
Edward to give the throne over to his cousin, Lady Jane Grey, rather than
his half-sister Mary. When Mary heard this she and an army marched to
England where Lady Jane was convicted of treason and beheaded. Mary I then
took over. England had been a Protestant nation since Henry VIII divorced
his first wife, Mary\'s mother. However, Mary believed her sole purpose as
queen was to bring England back to the Roman Catholic Church. She married
Philip II of Spain, another strong Catholic, and began her mission. She
ordered all her subjects to repent their sins and give up their "pagan
religion". Her plan did not go as smoothly as she hoped, so she began to
torture, burn and kill the Protestant leaders. This is how she received her
title "Bloody Mary". This only caused people to be stronger in their faith,
and more and more began to leave the Roman church. Many Protestants left
England for the "New World" where colonies were established with no
religious laws. During this time Elizabeth was locked in the tower after
being a suspect in a plot to overthrow Mary and claim the throne for
herself. However, no evidence was found against her and eventually she was
released. Mary was miserable with her marriage, and her people hated her,
causing her to become very depressed and angry. By her death in 1558 she
had killed thousands of Protestants men and women, and even four children.
After Mary\'s death, many people tried to claim the throne of England.
The Catholic rulers tried to give it to Mary, Queen of Scots, while the
Protestants raised Elizabeth as the rightful heir. Elizabeth received the
throne and had Mary beheaded after being convicted of treason and held in
the tower for several years. After Elizabeth became queen, she received
many proposals of marriage, though she declined them all. At her coronation
she placed a gold wedding ring on her finger and announced "I will have
here but one mistress and no master." Many people, especially the
Protestants, were concerned that in the event of her death, with no heirs,
England would be handed over to Catholic rulers. At the beginning of
Elizabeth\'s reign she made it known that she did not care to "open windows
into men\'s souls", meaning that