Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi. It may develop suddenly, following a head cold (acute bronchitis), or it may persist or return regularly for many years, causing progressive degeneration of the bronchi and lungs (chronic bronchitis). Certain people are more susceptible than others; Men are more of a target to bronchitis than women, out numbering them 10 to 1 – the reasons are unclear. Of course, smokers are 50 times more likely to get chronic bronchitis than non-smokers. Acute bronchitis is a bacteria or virus infection, often following a cold smoking. People who have acute bronchitis usually have a mild fever, soreness under breast bone, irritated by coughing. First they have a dry cough then the cough later brings up green and yellow mucus. The cough may persist to 4 to 6 weeks. Chronic bronchitis is produced by other chronic problems: sinusitis, smoking, TB, etc. The Bronchi becomes thick, inelastic, and accumulate mucus and pus in lower part o!
f lungs instead of bring discharges up and out. The result is chronic cough, shortness of breath, sometimes spasm, and frequent infection.
Symptoms
In acute bronchitis, the basic symptoms are a head cold, fever and chills, running nose, aching muscles and possibly back pains. This is soon followed by the obvious persistent cough. At first the cough is dry and racking and eventually becomes phlegmy. The persistent cough is worse at night than during the day, and when the person breaths in smoke and fumes.
The main symptoms most recognized in chronic bronchitis is, again cough, with sputum, often occurring in paroxysms. Other symptoms in chronic bronchitis are dependent on how much, or how little, emphysema is present. This disorder causes the lungs to become overstretched, making the breathing process difficult.
The chronic bronchitis with no emphysema tends to be overweight and often has a bluish tinge to his or her lips due to lack of oxygen. Shortness of breath only occurs during exercise and other strenuous activity. The bronchitis with a great deal of emphysema, who has lost a lot of his or her oxygen – exchanging ability, due to the condition, is short of breath at all times. The bronchitis with emphysema very often are overweight and, as the disease come worse, develops a barrel chest. The Chronic bronchitis also wheezes because of the obstruction. Emphysema is a state of overdistention of the tiny aircontaining sacs of the lung.
The cause of bronchitis are from viral or bacterial infections which spreads to the chest. The body uses defense mechanisms to try to prevent the virus and bacteria’s from spreading the infections. Examples of defense mechanisms are sneezing, coughing, etc. there are also white blood cells to help fight off the bacterias and viruses. However if new viruses and bacterias enters our body then the white blood cells will have to take some time to recognize the new viruses and bacterias. Fortunately, a different kind of white blood cells try to fight off the bacterias and viruses as much as they can but unfortunately as they are doing that, they are releasing other chemicals. The chemicals enter the tissue that surrounds the trachea and they begin to expand and swell up. As they expand, they squeeze the trachea causing a short breath. Generally, bronchitis occurs with greater frequency in winter, in damp, cold climates, and in heavily polluted environments.
Treatment
The best treatment for acute bronchitis is bed rest in a warm room. Cough medicines will relieve the cough and aspirin will reduce the fever. Acute bronchitis that is viral usually runs it’s course without medication. A proper diet and avoidance of addition irritants such as smoking are recommended. Steam inhalations is helpful in eliminating congestive mucus. Antibiotics may be needed if the cause is bacteria.
Treatment of chronic bronchitis is more difficult. The patients lungs are already damaged and the destruction of the airways are not easily renewed.
Bronchial dilator drugs may be given to the patient to relieve any such obstruction, while physiotherapy will help the patient get rid of any sputum. Yoga and breathing exercises may help shortness of breath. In severe cases, urgent hospital treatment may be required. Oxygen may have to be given through the course of the illness.
Postal drainage can also be tried. This is when the patient lies on a bed, a large cushion raising