Binge drinking on college campus
I. Introduction
Binge drinking is defined as the consumption of five or more drinks in a row on at least one occasion according to the most of binge drinking studies. In the study conducted by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration pointed out about two third of high school seniors and 42 percent of college students reported at least one occasion of binge drinking every two weeks (Source 1). Also as o the study done by Harvard School of Public Health pointed out that the extent of binge drinking varied widely among U.S. colleges, from a low of one percent of students to a high of 70 percent (Source 6).
II. Objective of the paper
Most of college students did not think or aware of binge drinking causes so many problems to themselves and the society. The main purpose of this paper is to increase the awareness of how serious the binge-drinking problems are on college campus. In other words, this paper will point out what problems binge drinking will cause. Furthermore, the author will address what have been and need to be done for the problems of binge drinking.
III. Description
There are three major problems that binge drinking cause. First of all, binge drinking usually cause safety problem. In 1997 the total alcohol related death is 41,967, injury is 3,399,000 according to the Century Council (Source 1). According to the Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia, alcohol, even at low doses, significantly impairs the judgment and coordination required driving a car safely. Several studies pointed out that alcohol depresses the activity of certain parts of the brain -In particular the parts responsible for our inhibitions and co-ordination (Source 9). Therefore, people usually lost their self-control abilities, and not react to problems as fast as usual after they got drunk. That is the reason of why there are so many alcohol-related deaths and injuries. Also sexual encounters with their inherent risks of pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and HIV exposure are another safety issues (Source 2). There is a story sited from the Harvard study, which provides some ideas how the binge drinking related to this problem.
ˇ§My roommate and I went to a party, and she got drunk. She hooked up with this guy from the fraternity and had sex with him that night. I couldn't have stopped her because she would have gotten mad. The next day we found out that the guy is seeing someone else and is known all around campus for taking advantage of girls when they're drunk.ˇ¨
The second major problem is the binge drinkers usually with trouble with the law. Date rape and other violence such as assault, fighting can and do occur more frequently while people are drinking large amounts of alcohol by binge drinking. Colleges reported nearly 10,000 violent crimes on campus in 1994, including 20 murders. In one-half to two-thirds of campus homicides, and serious assaults, alcohol is present in the offender, the victim or both. In the Harvard study, there are in total 61% of male and female binge drinkers had arguments with friends in one or more time since the beginning of the school year. In addition, about 30% of them had damaged someoneˇ¦s property, 69% had engaged in unplanned sexual activities, and 31% had not been using protection when they had sex (Source 6). Sexual assault is the other side of problem. According to one study, 90% of all reported campus rapes occurred when the assailant or the victim used alcohol (Source 3). Julie A. Thompson, substance/sexual abuse services coordinator in the University of Northern Iowa, said ˇ§I have been in this position for seven years, I havenˇ¦t seen a sexual assault case that is not alcohol-related.ˇ¨ during the interview (Source 5).
The third major problem is that the binge drinkers usually have poor school performances. To get knowledge and prepare for the future career are the main reasons that students come to study in the colleges. School performance is a measurement to measure how well the students are doing in the school, and how well they can prepare for their future. The Harvard study shows that there are 97% of binge drinkers had missed classes more than one time since the beginning of the school year, 75% of them had gotten behind in school works