Artificial Reefs - The HMCS Yukon

Artificial Reefs have been increasingly popular around the world since Thomas
Bergen, a B.C. Native presented the idea that old naval destroyers be salvaged for a low
price, cleaned out of all environmental pollution agents such as oil and hydraulic fluids,
shored up, painted and taken to sea - To be blown up.... What a crazy idea.. Tossing
tonnes of scrap metal to the bottom of the ocean, or was it??

In this study I am going to take a look at one key company and there efforts to
help restore the reefs of the world. I also am going to take a look at the HMCS Yukon
and where it's going to reside for the rest of it's life - 2 miles of the coast of Mission Beach
in 114 feet of water at San Diego, California.

The Company

Resolve Marine Group (Http:// has been a leader
in the industry of ship recovery and destruction for years. Resolve specializes in the
recovery of beached, damaged or crippled vessels all over the world. They are renowned
in their ability to tackle the problem, and provide a solution very quickly. However
Resolve has been active on the Florida coast with the reef program and has assisted in the
sinking of vessels. Through out their efforts, Resolve has become nationally and globally
recognized as a leader in the fight to protect the waters of the world.

Artificial reefs are a major government drive to improve coastal economies while
preserving fishing habitats. RESOLVE is a leader in the construction and development of
artificial sites throughout Florida waters and the Caribbean. Research shows that steel
shipwrecks serve as attractive habitats for marine life. Resolve has been successful in
locating, towing, preparing and scuttling more shipwrecks than any other company in the
United States. The shipwrecks range from small tugs to large oceangoing cargo ships as
the 500-foot Muliphen sunk off Fort Pierce, Florida.

This expertise has allowed us to assist owners and underwriters in mitigating
coral reef damages caused by vessel groundings along the Florida and Caribbean coasts.
The Resolve commitment to the marine environment will always be first and foremost.

Creation of the Reef

Creating one of these reefs isn't as much fun as it looks, that is until the charges
are lit, and she goes down. To obtain, prepare and sink one of these ships costs money -
lots of it at that.

The public has been instrumental in the creation of these reefs, especially the
HMCS Yukon project examined below. Donations are the major force behind a reef.
Many companies, such as Dupont, Bayer and Exxon have donated millions of dollars to
help save the oceans. Celebrities, such as Clint Eastwood, Celine Dion and Jim Carrey
have donated, and in some cases, worked with the projects to help sink the ship.

In the end, the result is a reef, accessible to divers, that has become a heaven for
sea life. This is the ultimate fate of the HMCS Yukon.

The HMCS Yukon - Mackenzie Class Destroyer

What’s Going Down?

The San Diego Oceans Foundation plans to acquire and sink a decommissioned 366-foot
Canadian destroyer, HMCS Yukon, off San Diego’s Mission beach. Once underwater, the
Yukon will become an all-purpose artificial reef – a haven for marine life, a star attraction
for fishing enthusiasts and scuba divers, and a research source for oceanographers.

Not the Titanic, But…

the HMCS Yukon is a 2890-ton Canadian Mackenzie class destroyer that stands 70 feet
tall, and boasts 6 decks and a signal mast. Huge holes will be cut into its sides and interior
walls to allow divers to enter and leave the sunken ship safely. Once it is sunk about two
miles offshore of Mission Beach in about 114 feet of water, this mammoth warship will
become a world-class diving attraction in San Diego’s “Wreck Alley.”

Safety First

The Yukon will meet strict guidelines on environmental cleanliness and will be stripped of
any dangerous or polluting components before sinking. Its structural integrity will be
thoroughly examined, both before and after sinking, to ensure the safety of the scuba
divers who visit its eerily beautiful spaces. Safety of both sea creatures and human visitors
is top priority.

What’s in it for the people?

The Yukon would become another attraction in San Diego’s booming underwater tourism
business. A kelp cutter sunk more than 10 years ago off Mission Beach has been a
successful dive site and fish haven that generates more than $1 million annually in new
tourist dollars.