Appolo 11

When you were a kid did you dream of being an astronaut? Did you what to go to the moon? Like many people this dream was a goal in this research paper I will prove that this dream became a reality to be the best at ones goals and see them through. President Kennedy showed us all he was a hero by getting America to support the American space program, and get three heroes on the moon.

On October 4, 1957 the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite and caught America and the whole world off guard. This was the Soviet's first push in the historical "Space Race." There was great fear surrounding this launch; a certain question was on everyone's minds, could the Soviets send Nuclear weapons with ballistic missiles from Europe to the U.S.? Even before the U.S. could respond the Soviets launched Sputnik II carrying an increased payload and the first dog in space named Laika, it seemed the U.S. space program would never catch up. In order for the U.S. to win the Space Race they would have to succeed in putting a man in earth orbit, but it was on April 12, 1961 just four years after sputnik was launched, Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin went into earth orbit edging out the United States' chance to put the first man in space. It was on April 14, 1961 two days after the Soviets put the first man in space, when President John F. Kennedy decided to put faith in the still young NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) program. NASA, established on October 1, 1958, had the historical job of putting an American on the moon. It was on May 25, 1961 when Kennedy finally made public his commitment "to land an American safely on the moon by the end of the decade," (Shepard 28).

The pressure was on the NASA, but all eyes were on James E. Webb, NASA Administrator, who was not even certain the U.S. could beat the Soviets to the moon. Chief Scientist Hugh Dryden calculated cost to the Federal budget to put a man on the moon would be a staggering $40 billion (the entire federal budget then was $ 98 billion.) Kennedy's child-like interest in the space project led the U.S. on a great adventure through space.

Kennedy appointed Lyndon Johnson to balance the budget, so his promise to America was kept. Kennedy also took part in seeing two early space launches that put Alan Shepard and John Glenn in earth orbit. Excitedly Kennedy told people, "This is the new ocean, the U.S. must sail on it and be in a position second to none."(Shepard 31). Kennedy's last involvement with the Apollo project was his trip to Cape Canaveral to view what he fought so hard for the first stage of the giant Saturn V. rocket. It was only a few short months later when America would mourn the death of one of the greatest presidents; it was on November 22, 1963 when John F. Kennedy was shot down in Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas, Texas. The one man whose real interest in seeing a man land on the moon had passed away, but his dream was very much alive. Now it was up to Lyndon B. Johnson, the man later responsible for the U.S. involvement in Vietnam. The years between Kennedy's death and the launch of Apollo 11 NASA Administrator James E. Webb guided the very popular Apollo project, but his name was tarnished by the Apollo 10 tragedy on January 27, 1967. The three Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White, and Roger Chaffe were strapped inside the Saturn V. rocket, and the capsule was sealed when a flash came from the cabin and smoke followed. Capcom director Deke Slayton immediately ordered a medical team, but their efforts were unsuccessful.

James E. Webb took all responsibility for the tragic accident, but it was the hatch that had a design flaw that made it impossible for escape, " We've always known something like this was going to happen sooner or later, Who would have thought the first tragedy would be on the ground?" (Smith 7). Later Webb would decide to retire in October 1969.

Apollo 8 was a success it was the